globalgoalscast

BONUS: Latinx in the US Don’t Know their Power

In this episode, we share the newly-launched results of the Hispanic Sentiment Survey, showing how Hispanics are the main driver for the middle class in America, and yet underestimate their own contributions.  Latinos are launching more new businesses, achieving higher levels of education, and reaching the C-suite of Fortune 500 companies in greater numbers than ever, but more than three-quarters of Latinos recently surveyed were surprised by at least one of these and other well-documented facts, as reported by the We Are All Human Foundation. Listen and understand how the time is now for perceptions to catch up with the many significant contributions being made by the Hispanic community in the U.S.

Downloadable Report - Coming Soon

Press Release

NEW STUDY SHOWS LATINOS UNDERESTIMATE THEIR OWN CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES

75% of US Hispanics are looking for more political representation and just as many rank immigration policy as an important political topic

CHICAGO (October 22, 2018) – Latinos are launching more new businesses, achieving higher levels of education, and reaching the C-suite of Fortune 500 companies in greater numbers than ever, but more than three-quarters of Latinos recently surveyed were surprised by at least one of these and other similar well-documented facts, as reported in We Are All Human’s recently commissioned U.S. Hispanic  Sentiment Study.

This sweeping study of more than 2,500 US  Hispanics and Latinos aged 14 and older focuses on the Hispanic/Latino community’s outlook on such topics as the political landscape, business and education, and personal values. Participants were presented a series of 16 data points about positive developments and accomplishments by the Latino community. A surprising 77 percent of respondents expressed disbelief around six of these significant Latino achievements. The study was conducted by the global integrated communications firm, Zeno Group.

“This study shows how much remains to be done, for the Latino community in the U.S. to fully appreciate our own contributions to our country and to the American way of life,” says Claudia Romo Edelman, founder of the We Are All Human Foundation. Romo Edelman presented the survey findings at Chicago Ideas Week during a panel discussion with former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Julian Castro.

Among the study’s findings:

  • 82 percent of Latinos said they feel the community should be valued more than it is today.
  • Only 48 percent of U.S. Hispanics think they are unified, and 62 percent believe they do not speak with same voice. Yet 90 percent say they identify as part of the Hispanic community.
  • 66 percent of Hispanics overall believe that their vote does count in the US, while only 24 percent feel that their community is “extremely” or “very” represented by politicians/people in government.
  • 69 percent of those surveyed are optimistic about the long-term future of the Latino community in the United States.
  • 62 percent think it is likely that a Hispanic / Latino person will be elected President of the U.S. in their lifetimes.
  • Latinos who were born in the United States (second generation) are generally less optimistic than 1st generation Latinos about the state of the “American Dream.”

“Overwhelmingly, Latinos are saying that they’re under-valued and that their contributions aren’t fully appreciated,” said Romo Edelman.  “The political candidates who recognize this and work to give full voice to Latino achievements will surely be the ones who benefit from Latino support at the polls.”

On December 10, 2018, We Are All Human will host the first Hispanic Leadership Summit at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. It will be co-hosted by Sol Trujillo, Henry Cisneros, Patricia Menendez, Sonia Dulá and Claudia Romo Edelman. The Summit is sponsored by Greenberg Traurig, Dairy Management, Inc., Western Union and Aflac.

ABOUT WE ARE ALL HUMAN

We Are All Human is a foundation dedicated to advancing the agenda of equity, diversity, inclusion.  Its mission is to unify all people and create channels of access that will leave no one behind. The foundation focuses on research, advocacy and dissemination, capacity development and partnership building in order to fight discrimination, racism and xenophobia by highlighting progress when people all act together. We Are All Human believes in the power of dialogue to create common ground and remove divisions by focusing on the universal values that makes us all human.

For more information, visit www.WeAreAllHuman.org.

ABOUT ZENO GROUP

Zeno Group is a global, integrated communications agency, born from PR. The award-winning agency is committed to work that delivers true business value for clients across consumer, corporate, health and technology industries. Zeno was named 2017 Midsize Agency of the Year and Global Consumer Agency of the Year by The Holmes Report. Zeno also received high commendation as 2018 PRWeek US Midsize Agency of the Year and 2017 International Agency of the Year. Additionally, Zeno was named a Best Place To Work by PRWeek in 2016 and 2017. The agency was recognized at the Cannes International Festival of Creativity in 2018, winning a Bronze PR Cannes Lion, and in 2016, winning a Gold Cannes Lion and a Bronze PR Cannes Lion.

Zeno is a DJE Holdings Company. For more information, visit us at www.ZenoGroup.com.

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Transcript

Intro: Hispanics themselves, those 59 million people, have not realized their potential. They have no clue that we are 18%  of the population, they  have no clue that we are making $45,000 income in general, they have no clue that we generate 12% of the GDP that we are you know like 40% of the new workers. Understand that the power we have is real, it is not potential. We just have to exercise it. We have to unite. We can be that community that will be the main motor of the middle class of America moving forward and the perception will change from criminal, waiter, or pizza deliverer to, oh my god please come and work here in my company. Provide platforms for Hispanics to be able to speak and say ‘Look at me, I was a success story, I was able to start a fashion company and this is what I’m doing. Or look at me, I am in sports and I won a medal. Just try and shine as a Hispanic and let other people see them. Our young generations deserve to be guided and there’s a lot of people that can be a role model, they just need to speak up and we just need to provide them with the right platforms.

Edie: 00:01 This is the Global GoalsCast

Claudia: 00:03 The podcast that explores if we can change the world.

Edie: 00:06 So today I’m delighted to see you here in London, Claudia, thanks for coming.

Claudia: 00:11 This is amazing. And, and with such a great opportunity to be talking about something that is very dear to my heart.

Edie: 00:17 Let’s go back five years. You moved to the US five years ago. What’s happened in that five years that’s bringing us to this point right now?

Claudia: 00:26 Well, it’s actually less than five years. It’s four years and a half, which you would actually think it’s, it’s no difference, but a lot happened. America changed administration and I think that for 55 million people that live in America, coming from Hispanic origins, all of a sudden it’s a new era, a new time, and we’ve never been stronger, but we also have never had this incredible opportunity to change our destiny and our future forever.

Edie: 00:55 So stuff has changed for you as well because you’re on a sabbatical right now. Right?

Claudia: 00:59 Right. The numbers have reached a maturity level that actually had pushed me to say like, you know what? I’m going to take a year off from the United Nations to act if you want as the CMO, chief marketing officer of the Hispanic community. No one asked me, hey, no one asked me, but hey, someone has to do it.

Edie: 01:59  Okay. So who is the product here? If you’re the chief marketing officer?

Claudia: 02:03 The Hispanic community. So these 26 nations composed by Venezuelans Mexicans, Cubans that don’t see themselves as one. So it’s, it’s almost like a fragmented product of beautiful pieces that if united they would constitute one of the most important pillars of the middle class of America, and yet we’re not seeing anywhere. So if you allow me Edie.

Edie: 02:27  Talk me through it.

Claudia: 02:28 What I’ve learned, what I’ve learned, and even before taking my sabbatical, what I’ve learned is that the Hispanic community is potentially powerful and beautiful. So more than 40 percent of Hispanics are under 25 years old. We pay taxes, we exercise the voting rights. It’s highly educated. Before it used to only be a working and not education, but now second and third generation of people have been highly educated. We’re finishing secondary school, going into graduation. We’re 12 percent of the GDP of America. If you would actually put the GDP of Hispanics alone as a standalone economy we’d the seventh of the world equally to Italy. And you don’t realize that because you know, like in America it’s been, it’s been very often the case that Hispanics have been misperceived or unseen. So let me tell you about the areas where Hispanics are visible. Hispanics are visible when it comes to hard work, when it comes to understanding that there’s a community that will actually be there and be resilient and work. We’re very optimistic. Eight out of 10 Hispanics would say that their future is brighter for them than what their parents had. Forty five percent of Hispanics have actually made the transition between low class to middle class we made…

Edie: 03:50 And what does that mean?

Claudia: 03:52 It means that there’s an upward mobility that is very important. So this community has realized that hard work and connections would allow them to move forward. And for example, Roberto, so I was in Sun Valley this summer and Robert started washing dishes for this restaurant and be paid $5 an hour. Now he owns the restaurant after three years. Now he’s employing not only his nephew and his niece, but also five people from his community. That’s the Hispanic that we have to see in this country. In America, you have more tortillas, Hold on than bread and more salsa sold than ketchup.

Edie: 04:27 That makes me happy that I liked both tortillas and salsa. I wish we have more of both of those in London.

Claudia: 04:34 And yet you need to realize that when it comes to the perception of Hispanics in America so far, it has been mostly related to three main things. First one is criminals, so Hispanics overall in the media, according to the studies of 2016, 2017, the number one association is criminal. Number two is waiter, and the number three is pizza deliverer, and as a community that is working very hard, this is a misperception that has to change. So the question Edie is, I realized there’s a huge potential in this community. There’s an incredible wallet out there. There’s something incredible vote out there in Hispanics in America, young, ready, working hard. Yet they are underrepresented in media, in politics or anywhere and they are misperceived as well and the question was why? What the Hell is going on? The numbers are so wonderful, are so beautiful. There’s no potential growth in any company that wants to tap into American market without the Hispanic community, there’s no possible other way for a brand to be able to grow in America if they don’t tap to minorities, particularly to the Hispanic community and yet it’s not moving.

Edie: 05:48 So why is that do you think?

Claudia:  05:48 Exactly. So one of the main reasons why I started my sabbatical is to understand what the hell? what’s going on? How is it that this community is so beautiful and yet is perceived so ugly/ Why is it so big and yet acts so small? Why is it so potential and so fragmented and not exercising that potential? And so today I’m delighted to actually release in our Global GoalsCast some of the first findings of a survey that we did with Zeno group, about 2,500 Hispanics in America to try to understand what the hell.

Edie: 05:48 Okay, so what the hell?

Claudia: 05:48  The main finding Edie, which is probably not surprising to you, is that Hispanics themselves, those 59 million people have not realized their potential. They have no clue that we are 18 percent of the population. They have no clue that we’re making $45,000 income in general. They have no clue that we generate 12 percent of the GDP that we’re, you know, like 40 percent of the new workers. No clue. And therefore they feel weak as opposed to strong. The number two finding is that there is no sense of community. Hispanics don’t feel community and that is so key for me to say because you have a community that wants to be a community but doesn’t have one. Hispanics have an incredible sense of duty, but also an incredible sense of belonging and yet we’re not unified. So the message number two from these key finding is we’re not 26 nations living in America. We’re not Venezuelans, Colombians, Mexicans, Cubans, and we can’t focus on that. We have to actually act as one and acting as one would be sort of like learning from the other communities that have so much to teach us from what they have done before. For example, Asians, for example, African American or Jewish. The Asians, Do you really think that the Chinese and the Japanese get along? Historically they couldn’t have had more differences and and yet they act together when it comes to lobby for scholarships and yet they act together when it comes to finding jobs and senior positions for Asian women and men. So what we need to do at the Hispanic community is one, understand that the power that we have is real, its not potential. We just have to exercise it and the way to do it is to unite and stop our small differences and focus on the big, you know, like unification areas that we have so that we can be that community that will be the main motor of the middle class of America moving forward and the perception will change from criminal, waiter or pizza deliverer to oh my God, please being come and work here in my company because you have an incredible ethic, you work hard and you have a family fade that would actually be representing all the faces of America that right now are not represented.

Edie: 09:01 So it’s an incredible study that you’re talking about.

Claudia: 09:04 Yes.

Edie: 09:04 Some of the other things that I’ve noticed about is what you’re saying about the lack of role models and leaders. Talk me through that, what you found there.

Claudia: 09:13  One of the action points that I’m taking from this study is three quarters of Hispanics overall feel not represented, feel not defended, feel that no one is out there for us. So who you’re gonna call, there’s no ghost buster, there’s no Hispanic ghost buster to come and save us and there are 74 percent of Hispanics overall cannot name a single leader. They cannot say anyone else beyond the entertainment community that represent them. So we do have a great deal of artists and celebrities like Jennifer Lopez and others, and nevertheless there is a very invisible set of role models. And we do have an incredible set of people that work astronauts, academics, you know, like people in tech, people in healthcare, CEOs, CMOs. We have an incredible array of people, but they don’t come out as speakers. They don’t show their Hispanic card. First of all, if I would say what we need to do after reading these findings is create an army of spokespeople, an army of role models. And provide platforms for Hispanics to be able to speak and say like, look at me. I am a success story. I was able to start a fashion company and this is what I’m doing, or look at me, I am in sports and I won a medal. Just trying to shine as a Hispanic and just let other people see them. Our young generations deserve to be guided and there’s a lot of people that can be a role model. They just need to speak up and we just need to provide them with the right platforms.

Claudia: 10:51  Now having said that, I am very hopeful because I just know that people don’t know. That’s a key message of all of this. If you knew that by speaking up, you would really influence your community. Would you speak up?

Edie: 11:07  Yeah, of course.

Claudia:  11:08  There we go. So the road is out there. It’s just a matter of actually repeating a message of unification and speaking up overall for this Hispanic community to be able to have a quick turnaround that is, comes from pride and understanding that together we’re better.

Edie: 11:25 So I’m interested in some of the hurdles that it’s going to take to get there and one seems to be from this study a trust crash. So talk me through that. What does that mean?

Claudia: 11:36  So the Edelman trust barometer the door during 2016 and during 2017, um, you know, like a quick turnaround study of what was happening in trust after the election. And the group that was most affected were Hispanics in America. That meant that if you had an overall collapse in institutions all around Americans from government to religion and so on, Hispanics had the hardest hit and that was the one group that also had a very distinctive differentiation of trust on government and representatives after the election. That meant the Hispanic community felt betrayed and felt bruised after the election. And this is a community that consumed 75 percent more media than other groups, but they don’t do it through news sources. That’s actually one really, really strong, um, you know, like fall on trust about Hispanics that they don’t feel represented in the media/ And the consequences of not having trust in individuals, in institutions or in media is that you reclude yourself.

Edie: 13:09 Okay. So what are you calling on companies to do?

Claudia: 13:12 Brands have to commit to showing their love in a differentiated way. I had a conversation last night with someone from Unilever and he was like, Oh, total marketing, and they’re like, oh no baby, don’t give me total marketing. Give me something distinctive for the Hispanic community where you are making an effort. We’re behind. Hispanics make the least of the dollar for any other community. So an American like you will make $1 per dollar. African Americans would do probably like 70 cents of a dollar. Asians, 80 percent of a dollar, Hispanics is fifty cents of a dollar. So we have the highest catch up to be made. And so we need companies to recognize not only our potential, but also our challenges and help us by providing training, help us by providing education, help us by providing us with encouragement, with platforms, with role models, with true love, recognizing the Hispanic workforce that you have, recognizing the Hispanic potential consumer that is out there, it’s just quite simple, its just a matter of getting it done and the time has never been better.

Edie: 15:11  I want to ask you one more question about voting because it seems like this is an incredible opportunity for politicians as well.

Claudia: 15:20  There is a lack of hope on the power of vote to be heard for the Hispanic community. And yet there is an incredible high degree of trust in the American dream and an America getting better and an America that is inclusive and can allow people to thrive. So I think that if you turn it around and say, this is not about the vote, this about the future of the country, you will get by far more people incentivized. Now politicians really need to pay attention because this is a group that they cannot have left out than not caring to come and vote.

Claudia: 16:05  Middle term elections will be very important for Hispanics to demonstrate whether they have understood their voice and their power. I think that in overall what I would say Edie is having worked and as a marketer for my entire life and having worked on projects or products that needed to be packaged in a way to be sent out to the world to be understood, normally the product is really hard, right? Like poverty, let’s transform aids into something cool. That’s hard. That’s a hard thing. And yet we did it. Product Red. Um, you know, like trying to get the global Fund to be really interesting and appealing, um trying to get globalization through the World Economic Forum to be something that is inclusive and that can attract young people to be aspirational, young global leaders and so on. This is the first time in my life in which the equation is inverse, this community’s powerful, it’s shines, it has everything that it needs and yet the packaging is so negative, is so appalling, is so downwards.

Claudia: 17:13   So I think the issue is less of an issue. I think that we can get this done in a couple of years. I don’t think that we’re going to see the results right now in this election. But I, I would love to be sitting down here next to you by May 2019 and see the progress and then you know, like by the end of 2020 say like, Hey, do you remember those days where Hispanics were not seen. It’s almost like the Asians and now it’s like holy cow, they’re eating our lunch by far in everything, in technology, in software engineers in development, in innovation, in design. And I want that transformation to be done. And I don’t think that it’s going take that long.

Edie: 17:50  All right, well we’re going to see you back here while I’m going to see you before then, but we’re going to talk about it in May 2019.

Claudia: 17:55  And then how about this conversation in Spanish?

Edie: 18:00 Muy Bien!

Claudia: 18:00 That was Edie lush.

Edie: 18:01 And that was Claudia Romo Edelman.

Claudia: 18:04 And it’s exciting to actually be releasing the results of the Hispanics study here at the Global GoalsCast.

Stepping Up the Fight Against Extreme Poverty

The fight to end extreme poverty is one of the great success stories in the modern world as more than a billion people have risen out of extreme poverty since 1990. SDG #1 is to eliminate all extreme poverty by 2030, yet as the date gets closer the work gets harder. The Gates Foundation Goalkeepers annual report states the worst poverty is increasingly concentrated in the places least able to fight it, especially countries south of the Sahara. In this episode, Bill Gates shares his surprising projection numbers and Dr Joyce Banda, former president of Malawi, President Emmanuel Macron, and other guests, share their ideas for how we can take increased action in the fight to end extreme poverty. Finally, hear how our sponsor, Cisco, uses their technology and expertise to accelerate global problem solving to benefit people, society, and the planet and to create an inclusive digital economy.

Featured guests

Bill Gates

@thisisbillgates Bill Gates is a technologist, business leader, and philanthropist. He grew up in Seattle, Washington, with an amazing and supportive family who encouraged his interest in computers at an early age. He dropped out of college to start Microsoft with his childhood friend Paul Allen. He married Melinda French in 1994 and they have three children. Today, Bill and Melinda Gates co-chair the charitable foundation bearing their names and are working together to give their wealth back to society.

 

Dr. Joyce Banda

@drjoycebanda An entrepreneur, activist, politician, and philanthropist, Her Excellency Dr. Joyce Banda was also the President of the Republic of Malawi (2012-2014). She was Malawi’s first female president and Africa’s second. Voted as Africa’s most powerful woman by Forbes Magazine for two years running and voted as one of the most powerful women in the world, Her Excellency Dr. Joyce Banda is a champion for the rights of women, children, the disabled, and other marginalized groups.

 

President Emmanuel Macron

@EmmanuelMacron Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is a French politician serving as President of France since 14 May 2017. He previously served as Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs from 2014 to 2016. Macron was born in Amiens and studied philosophy at Paris Nanterre University, completed a Master of Public Affairs at Sciences Po and graduated from the École nationale d’administration (ENA) in 2004. He worked as a senior civil servant at the Inspectorate General of Finances and later became an investment banker at Rothschild & Cie Banque. After being a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to 2009, Macron ran in the election under the banner of a centrist political movement he founded in April that year, En marche. He won the election on 7 May 2017 with 66.1% of the vote in the second round. At age 39, Macron became the youngest President of France in history.

Mohamed Sidibay

@MohamedSidibay2 Mohamed Sidibay grew up in Sierra Leone during the civil war. He has been orphaned, uneducated, homeless, and raped. At age 5, he witnessed his entire family being murdered and was forced to become a child soldier. At 10, he became homeless and he could neither read nor write. In 2007, at 14, Mohamed ran away from JFK airport in New York in search of peace, education, and life in a community that wouldn’t judge him on the atrocities of his past, but rather help him to achieve his future aspirations. He now dedicates his life to ensuring educational access to all children regardless of where they were born. At 24 years old, Mohamed has emerged as a leader in the human rights field. Mohamed’s lectures on the power of education have spanned five continents. A 2015 graduate of The George Washington University Elliot School of International Affairs, Mohamed speaks four languages and spends most of his time traveling and speaking on the importance of education and the danger of a mind kept in captivity.

Neal Keny-Guyer

@nealkg Neal Keny-Guyer is a social entrepreneur driven by the belief that a better future is possible. Since 1994, Neal has served as Chief Executive Officer of the global humanitarian organization Mercy Corps. Under his leadership, Mercy Corps has grown into one of the most respected international relief and development agencies in the world, with ongoing operations in more than 40 countries, a staff of 5,000, and global revenue of over $450 million. Fast Company ranked Mercy Corps one of the most innovative social-change organizations in the world and New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof calls Mercy Corps “a first-rate aid group.” A native of Tennessee, Neal started his career working with at-risk youth in Washington, D.C. and Atlanta. After attending business school, he moved to Thailand to aid Cambodian refugees with CARE and UNICEF.

Joannie Bewa

@BEWAJ Joannie Bewa is a medical doctor who has worked in adolescent and maternal health for 8 years. She is the founder of the Young Beninese Leaders Association (YBLA) which, since its inception, has trained 10,000 young people on HIV/AIDS prevention through its “Red Ribbon Campaign,” and in partnership with the First lady Michelle Obama Young African Women Leaders Program, has empowered and trained 3,000 girls and women on civic engagement, leadership and entrepreneurship. She has participated in the consultation and development process of global frameworks, including ICPD and the Post 2015 Agenda, and is a member of the Africa CSO Coalition on Population and Development (ACCPD). She is also a “World at School” Ambassador and a fellow of Secretary Clinton’s “Women in Public Service Project.” Joannie speaks French and English and loves Africa.

Alex Ezeh

@aezeh Alex Ezeh is a distinguished visiting fellow at CGD. After 17 years leading the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), he stepped down as executive director in September 2017. As the founding executive director, Dr. Ezeh guided APHRC to become one of Africa’s foremost regional research center addressing population, health, education, and development issues. He initiated and directed the Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa (CARTA), an initiative to strengthen doctoral training and the retention of academics at African universities. Dr. Ezeh has served on a number of Lancet Commissions including the Rockefeller Foundation-Lancet Commission on Planetary Health, the Lancet Commission on the Future of Health in Africa, and he currently co-chairs the Guttmacher-Lancet Commission on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights. He is also a member of the Vatican-Lancet-Mario Negri Commission on the Value of Life that began its work in February 2018.

Amanda Cumberland

Amanda Cumberland is the Head of Strategic Insights at Cisco Corporate Affairs, with a focus on market research, program evaluation, statistical analysis, customer feedback, impact evaluation, research communication, business intelligence, strategic planning and metrics. Amanda’s background includes over 20 years of experience in Corporate and Academic research and analysis, including research design, methodology, statistical analysis, model creation, customer feedback, measurement, longitudinal research, metrics, experimental research, qualitative research, and research publications.

This episode was made possible thanks to the support of

Additional Resources

Cisco CSR Research and Resources

Learn more about Cisco's original research on topics such as the future of work that inform the company's CSR priorities and their goal to positively impact 1 billion people by 2025.

Transcript

Intro:  00:02 My friend who was my best friend in the village who failed to go to secondary school because he parents couldn’t raise $6 and I was privileged to go, but she was brighter than me, is still where I left her. I always say, please present me, the young girl who decided to leave school at 10 in order to be married at 12. Even I was surprised when we ran these numbers that it shows that almost 90 percent of the people remaining in extreme poverty will be in Subsaharan Africa by 2050. In today’s world, you cannot reduce poverty if you don’t reduce conflict. You cannot reduce hunger if you don’t deal with conflict and war.

Claudia:  00:49   This is the Global GoalsCast.

Edie:  00:51 The podcast that asks if we can change the world.

Claudia: 00:55  This episodes, are we losing ground in the fight against extreme poverty?

Edie: 00:59  Right after this.

CREDITS: 01:02 This episode was made possible thanks to the support of Cisco and thank you to HARMAN the official sound of global goals cast.

Edie: 01:12 Welcome back. I’m Edie Lush.

Claudia: 01:14 And I’m Claudia Romo Edelman. This episode, we’ll look at the most fundamental of all the sustainable development goals, Goal number one.

Edie: 01:22 That’s right. The goal of eliminating extreme poverty by 2030. So Claudia, did they make it goal one because it was the most important of the 17 sustainable development goals?

Claudia:  01:34  Yes. All the other goals are based on ending poverty and many are also essential to ending poverty, educating girls, curbing population growth, curtailing climate change, resolving conflicts.

Edie:  01:48 And we know the world has made extraordinary progress in eradicating extreme poverty in Asia. A billion people have been lifted up,

Claudia: 01:56  But now bill gates is sounding an alarm.

Bill Gates: 01:59 Even I was surprised when we ran these numbers that it shows that almost 90 percent of the people remaining an extreme poverty will be in Subsaharan Africa by 2050, and so what this means is that this poverty is going to be a feature of life in a few places and these are places where there are the fewest opportunities. In some of these places, there’s violence, a lack of stability. These are places where climate change will make these subsistence farmers lives more difficult. Also, these are often places where the governance is not providing the primary health care or education even at a basic level and every one of these places are exactly where we’re experiencing rapid population growth. The geography of births in the world is changing and this is something that’s really fascinating. Over the rest of the century, the number of babies born stays the same. We really reached peak baby. We can seethat the places that they’re born are changing.

Claudia: 03:08 That was Bill Gates at his Goalkeepers event during the global goals week in New York.

Edie: 03:13 That was very well done for getting all those words out.

Claudia: 03:16 I know, concentrated poverty in Africa. That’s what bill and Melinda Gates warned about in the report from their foundation. Later in this episode, we will hear from an expert who helped prepare that report.

Edie: 03:30 First, let’s talk about the solutions. Gates stressed to us in the audience that the situation is far from hopeless. He was calling the world’s attention to present trends so the world would change those trends.

Claudia:03:43  China and India have beaten extreme poverty and they are already success stories in Africa,

Edie:  03:48 And you know how much we love success stories,

Claudia: 03:51  We do.

Edie:   03:51 …Here on the global GoalsCast. The world needs to take what we already know works well and do much, much more of it. That was the message from Bill and Melinda Gates. Invest in people and what they call human capital.

Claudia: 04:05 So Edie, why don’t we start with your conversation with an African leader that you caught up at the United Nations. I have to admit, she’s one of my favorites.

Dr. Joyce Banda:04:13  My name is Joyce Banda. I am former president of the Republic of Malawi, but I’ve been in the women’s Movement for 35 years so people know me for the work that I’ve done in the Joyce Banda Foundation. I am convinced that Africa will change for the better and I’ll caution that we have done well. We’ve done our best. We’ve been leaders even before colonization and we’re leaders today and we are participating and we have had 4 female presidents there other continents that are still trying to get one woman to statehouse that I know.

Edie:  04:50 Still waiting here in the U. S. I also know from the work I’ve done on the Global GoalsCast how important it is to keep girls in secondary education so that they can make the right choice at age 15. Here, the goalkeepers event, president macron was blunt about this. Let me play it.

Pres Macron: 05:07  always say, please present me with a lady who decided, being perfectly educated, to have seven, eight, nine children, please present me the young girl who decided to leave school at 10 in order to be married at 12 and this is not teaching African people from New York. This is a pure bullshit to say that.

Edie: 05:36   So tell me what you think we can do to support girls with that really important stage.

Dr. Joyce Banda:  05:40 Now I’m glad you asked that question. The Joyce Banda Foundation runs to secondary schools and I hope that one day you can have a chance to visit. One of them is up and the other one is rural based in the community because my friend was my best friend in village who failed to go to secondary school because her parents couldn’t raise $6 and I was privileged to go, but she was brighter than me, is still where I left her. So Christa lost out and I went all the way to state house and I think that is the greatest injustice to the 130 million girls that are not going to school. So I engaged Christa I even brought her to America yet we even met together Gordon Brown in 2018. So she’s my fellow champion in the village. She’s the one who goes looking for children, girls that we can send to our school in the village, but the village, we target girls and boys that are from child headed households. So what needs to happen now is that most countries they have free primary education, but secondary education is not free.Our school is one of the only three free secondary schools in Malawi. So what do we need to do is to find a way of providing free education to these girls when they get. We live in years old now, they are going to seconrdary school because, when a girl stays four more years in secondary school in Africa in the village, it’s not only about her future, it’s about her health as well because then we will hopefully we avoid getting married at 11, at 12 and in Malawi I’ve seen a nine year old bride. But when she gets older school they need just four more years and do your research and mine have taught us that most of those that are dying giving birth are between 12 and 19, so secondary education to agree with what you’ve just said is critical in many ways, but it is important for us to find a way because there are many countries that have decided. Ghana has just introduced free secondary education, but you can see the challenges now.

Edie: 07:46 Dr Joyce Banda, the former president of Malawi a really inspiring person and I absolutely do hope to visit her schools.

Claudia:  07:53  Yes, I’m sure everybody would like to hear more and maybe Edie, maybe in season two we will have some funding to send you to Malawi. Oh my God and Michelle too, she’s waving. Okay. Together with our producer. But for now, we learned so much during these, what we called the global goals week that happens at the framework of the United Nations General Assembly. And also from the Goalkeepers, from the people that came from all over the world to this coast, precisely for the advancement of the sustainable development goals this September.

Edie: 08:26 We’ve said so often, Claudia, that educating girls is the single most powerful tool for ending extreme poverty and improving society’s.

Claudia: 08:33 Yes, and part of what Bill Gates is saying is that the challenge in parts of Africa is deep and complicated, made more so because the population is growing fastest in some of the poorest and most distressed places, so ending strife goes hand in hand with education, improving agriculture and curbing climate change as well as population growth.

Claudia: 08:55  Edie, you spoke to a child soldier from Sierra Leone, right?

Edie: 08:59 Yes. A child soldier who was rescued by some women from UNICEF and is now an education activist with a vision.

MohammedSidibay:   09:05 My name is Mohammed Sidibay. I was born in a country that was engaged in a 10 year war in which I got involved in it when I was five. The rebels came to my village and played God on the lives of my entire family and they took me and so I became a child soldier from when I was five until I was 10. Like most wars, the war in Sierra Leone ended and I found myself in the streets of Freetown not knowing how to read or write and being homeless and orphaned, under 10 years old. That’s not a situation I should have been in.

Edie: 09:42  And so what did you do? What happened?

MohammedSidibay: 09:45  Thanks to UNICEF who helped to get me in school and then thanks to organizations like I Earn, the My Hero Project, I serendipitously came to the United States 4 years after I got out of the war. I was 14 at the time and I came to speak at a conference on the topic Children caught in crossfire and it was supposed to last a week and that week is morphed into 11 years now. Before coming to America, I thought America was the greatest country in the world, in the Sierra Leone was a country of violence and I never wanted to go back because he has done nothing but take away everything from me and has never given me anything. I quickly realized that was wrong on both fronts. That Sierra Leone it’s not a country of violence, is violence with an aspect of my culture too. I was introduced to and America was not that. It’s not the perfect society I imagined it to be. Then it’s a country of paradox in so many ways.

Edie:  10:47 That’s putting it lightly, I would say. You credit UNICEF and some education for what saved you or is that the right way to put it? Tell me a little more about that journey. What was it specifically about that education that opens your world view?

Mohammed Sidibay:  11:04 When you were a kid, there are, people take it for granted in the West, the ability to learn how to read and write, the ability to see your name and recognize that it’s your name. It gives you ownership. And so by fighting to ensure that I was enrolled in school so that I learned how to spell and how to read and write, I gain ownership of who I was. Now granted to the circumstances and the situation we’re not ideal, but I think that was like the first step.

Edie: 11:39 When I interview you in a year, what’s going to be an incremental bit of success that we can talk about?

MohammedSidibay: 11:46  My hope is right now there’s a ban on girls education. Pregnant girls abuse specific. Pregnant girls are being prevented from to school with a government that says universal education for all. In a year, I hope that that will not be the case, that. That there will be a band that this government will realize on their president says, this is not right and we’re going to reverse that ban. Furthermore, there are a lot of new powerful positions have been created with the leaders in the administration of inclusion for young people, but what I’m seeing is these powerful positions have been created, have been mainly filled by boys country that has more women than men, should not be this way. So in a year term, I hope the presidents will continue to create more opportunities and more high profile jobs and make sure that women are the one filling these roles because to me that’s important because most of 99.9% of the people have had the biggest impact in my life, who have helped shaped my life and my vision of the world and who’ve ensured that I am where I am today and been women and I think it’s time that we give credit where credit’s due.

Claudia:  12:59 Goof more Mohammed Sidibay of Sierra Leone.

Edie:  13:01 It was very moving to hear his story and to recognize that both he and Joyce Banda, we’re telling personal stories that represent a broad path forward. For Africa to breakout of the trends Bill Gates is warning about.

Claudia: 13:15 Yes, exactly. You spoke to one of our partners who had a very important perspective of how complex eradicating poverty is now and why the path leads straight through one other of the global goals.

Edie: 13:29  His name is Neil Keny-Guyer, and he’s the CEO of Mercy Corps. Now I know that you’re most concerned about goal number 16. For those who don’t know, it tells what it is and why.

Neil KG:   13:41  Goal Sixteen essentially relates to peace, justice, and good sound institutions. The reason that we think that goal 16 is so important, in fact, the most critical goal is because in today’s world you cannot reduce poverty if you don’t reduce conflict. You cannot reduce hunger if you don’t deal with conflict and war. If you know promote peace, you cannot continue to make progress around health and education, and the reason is is because poverty, poor health, poor education outcomes, unclean water, hunger, they’re all clustering in a set of fragile states, so that’s why it is absolutely essential that we make progress in addressing some of the fundamental conflicts around the world. Otherwise, we will not achieve the aspiration of the sustainable development goals.

Edie:   14:36  Tell me what you’re seeing, the kind of work that you do with fragile communities, with people who are really under pressure.

Neil KG: 14:42 We have to recognize, particularly in these fragile states, these places were poor governance, conflict and extreme poverty all collide and keep people trapped, keep people from moving forward that the interventions that worked in more stable places where we’ve seen such dramatic results from China to India to Indonesia and on and on and the results have been spectacular. Those same formulas don’t work in fragile states and of course there are no silver bullets. There is no shiny solution is, there’s no great innovation or app that’s going to come in and turn around these environments. Investing in women, gender equality is going to be critical and essential part of it, but at Mercy Corps, we talk about the three Gs as the way forward is in a way way to think about it. First G is grievance and we’ve in many of these places, you have to address underlying deep seeded historic grievances that are often aggravated and accelerated by, you know, modern political leaders. But if you don’t address the underlying grievance, if you don’t help people see a common future together, then you won’t make progress. Secondly is governance. I think the development community has been weak on governance and I don’t mean the functioning of government. What I mean is the relationship between government, private sector and some form of community or civil society, but in whatever we do, whatever our interventions, whether it’s education, whether it’s health, we have to do that in a way that strengthens systems of governance. And then the third G is growth is economic growth because in these fragile places, you cannot sustain the gains in health, education and social welfare if you don’t simultaneously have inclusive enough growth. That is absolutely essential as we see everywhere. So we think when you can put the three G’s together, you can actually begin to turn around fragile states, put them on a more stable, potentially more peaceful and prosperous pathway forward.

Edie:  16:49 That’s Neil Keny-Guyer of mercy corps with their three G’s of sustainable development. Heal grievances, improve governance and drive growth. Here at global goalsCast, we add a fourth G, gender equity.

Claudia: 17:02 You said it, Edie, we need all four G’s to achieve the SDGs.

Edie: 17:06 You do sound like a cheerleader a little bit.

Claudia:  17:09 I always wanted to be one.

Edie: 17:10  Did you?

Claudia:  17:10  Yeah but in Mexico we don’t have those. We don’t have American football, so…

Edie:  17:15  And when we come back we will speak with two experts about population growth in Africa, how some countries have slowed population growth and others have not, and why this matters so much.

Claudia:  17:30 Listeners will know from our last episode about Cisco’s initiative with Middle School kids called the global problem solvers. That is only as small part of what they do to use technology and expertise to make a positive impact on people, society and the planet and also to create an inclusive digital economy. Edie caught up with Amanda Cumberland at the World Economic Forum Sustainable Development Impact Summit during the UNGA. Amanda works at Cisco Corporate Affairs on a strategic insights team that does research analytics and business intelligence.

Edie: 18:05 You’ve got some new research that you’ve done on skilling, on the world of work, where our children are going to be when they enter the work field. Tell me, give me the broad brushes, first of all.

CISCO: 18:14  So recently we did a research study partnering with Oxford Economics and we wanted to really understand the impact of technology on the labor market, the future labor market and that includes jobs of course and skills of the future and we did this sort of complex modeling looking at what jobs are going to change over the next 10 years and which jobs are going to be more at risk for displacement. We know technology creates jobs as well and so the more we can anticipate that and understand, you know, the changes that are happening and the skills that are really needed for the future, the more we can help prepare the future workforce. We looked at, okay, what are those skills that are going to be less required and so things that are a little bit more routine in terms of communication, administration and things, obviously are going to be a little bit easier to automate and skills that require, you know, critical thinking and creativity and design, you know, you’re all going to be less likely to be automated. I think we all talk about the technology skills and how important those are and how fast everything is changing, but what was really interesting also is on top of that, we found there’s a 32 percent skills gap in human skills will be called human skills over the next 10 years.

Edie:  19:17 What’s a human skill?

CISCO: 19:19 That’s a great question. So things like negotiation and persuasion, social perceptiveness instructing, you know, teaching those things are really going to be more important given a lot of the complexity that’s happening with the new digital world, but also all the data, right? All the complicated changes that are happening, but it’s also less likely to be automated. It’s more human friendly. We also looked at for specific jobs that may be displaced for a specific person and a specific role, what are the probable jobs they could move into. So what does that mean? What kind of skills would they have? The debt could be translated into other type jobs. So just looking at data around the historical patterns. When jobs that required those skills were displaced, what kind of jobs do they move into? And then what are those gaps they need to fill so that it can be very specific also.

Claudia: 20:10 We’re back. Let’s go straight to your conversation with Dr Joannie Bewa, whom you and I met through the gates foundation. She’s a physician from Benin who told us about what made her become a doctor.

Joannie Bewa: 20:25 That’s a very sad story of of best friend of mine who had to 12 years old had this unwanted pregnancy. She didn’t know who to talk to, how to address it and she just did an abortion and unfortunately she never came back to school and she died. And from this moment I realized that there is like a gap because the school does not teach you anything about that. It does not cover sexuality at all. And then I decided to begin to work as an activist and actually to become a physician also to address the lack of access to health services.

Edie: 21:03  Tell me about that. Tell me what the challenges are that you face in helping young women get reproductive health Services

Joannie Bewa: 21:11 Sexuality is taboo in some areas in the world and sometime it may not be easy to talk about this issue or their can be like some hesitation for young girls actually to discuss about it even though they need this information. But a good thing when you try to find the funniest way or the most relaxed way to address this issue, you realize that they asked questions and they want more. They even more than what you anticipated. An example I used to do, demonstration of how to use male condoms, but also female condom and you can see the energy in the room of women’s and girls and boy who wants to really know how to use that because school actually doesn’t address that issue.

Edie:  22:00 It’s totally obvious to me that youth and especially young women have an incredibly important role to play at this and I love your idea about bringing humor to it. Tell me a little bit more. What did you do? Were you putting them on cucumbers? What were you doing?

Joannie Bewa: 22:15 Well, the thing is I just start like as if I want to talk about a serious issue and so people are very like attentive and I’m like, okay, so we are going to talk about how to use female condoms, who wants to show me? And everyone is just hesitant. I’m like, okay. Then I will show you and then I just remove it and I say, okay, this is how to use it, This is what not to do. And they realize they, especially for female condom or maybe even for oral contraception, you realize that they don’t know body image, healthy relationship is also the kind of thing we discuss about. So it’s a wide range of workshop or community dialogue of using soccer or social media. Try to use every strategy to bring young people together.

Claudia:  23:02 This brings us to our discussion about the giant elephant in the room. One of the keys to keep progress going forwardis to slow down the rapid rates of population growth in parts of Africa. This is not about population control.

Edie:  23:15 This is about human rights. This is about giving women in places like northern Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, and the other eight countries where population is projected to double by 2050. The right to decide when they get married and how many children they want to have. This was explained to me by Alex Ezeh, an African demographer who wrote a section of the gates report on population in Africa.

Alex Ezeh: 23:41 Much of the bug that is driving the growth in the population actually is one third. These are women who have exceeded that number of children. They would have wanted if they have control over their reproduction. The women who have decided I don’t want to have anymore children. They want to delay your next book by at least two years, but they are not using any effective methods of contraception. And because of this they end up with unwanted fertility, which can be mistimed or not wanted at all. And if you can actually help this women to manage that, you can reduce fertility rates and population growth rates ultimately by as much as 30 to 40 percent in many of these countries. And the second thing that is driving this rapid growth is the fact that for many of these countries, the age at first marriage, which actually is a proxy for age at first birth, it’s very low, and by simply changing that by a small margin, by having policies that prohibits child marriage, that’s marriage to children under 18 years of age, we can significantly reduce the rate of growth of the population in many of these countries. If we invest in female education and we help girls go to school and finish primary, go to secondary, we know that many of these women with secondary education at least make different decisions with respect to child bearing, with respect to the investments they make in their children, with respect to other opportunities they may have in life. And each of these opportunities that such education grants women also leads over time and over and over again to much reduced rates of population growth. Because those women have fewer children than those who’ve never gone to school. They are more likely to use family planning than those who’ve never gone to school. They are more likely to invest in their children and the children are more likely to go to school, so you have a multiplier effect of such decisions and investments.

Claudia:  25:54   So we’re back to where we started, not only with the Joyce Banda in this episode, but in one of the very first episodes of season one, educating girls.

Edie:   26:04 Does that seem like a long time ago?

Claudia:  26:06  I know

Edie: 26:10 There’s a lot we haven’t mentioned in this episode that helps lift people out of extreme poverty. Investing in human capital also means investing in health, in agricultural innovation, which can turn farmers from subsistence farming to selling to the market, which we’re going to cover in our next episode on food security.

Claudia:26:30 So this brings us to the end of the program. This is where we’re going to wrap the issue and I have to say for me these was really an exciting time. Normally you have the development bubble, the people that work in my world talking to ourselves increasingly loud. That’s pretty much what you know, like what it is and we are focused on the problems and the solutions and so one. But at the end of the day, what I love this at this time around, it felt like the bubble busted and that they were by far more people interested. I feel the traction coming in from the gates foundation doing the GoalKeepers and being extremely cool and with music and young people, the economic forum devoted an entire summit in New York to talk about the Sustainable Development Goals. And us, we hosted a party to kick off the United Nations.

Edie:  27:21   That was fun!

Claudia:27:21 Even we had a name Edie, the global goals week. That’s amazing and you can only imagine that if we can keep going and cascading, the energy can keep on going and cascading into other parts of the world.

Edie: 27:33  What I also notice was not only what you said there, young people, solutions, not just problems, but also how all these things are connected and what it seems to me is that these goals and the way to think of them is that they’re like a circle rather than a kind of pyramid of some being more important than the other. They’re complicated. They’re global and they’re all interconnected.

Claudia:  27:57 Indeed and what you just said about the young people and Incentives and awards. And we ourselves, we created in our award and we gave it to people like the champion of humanity and I love that actually that the reports of the gates foundation and the goals keepers had awardees and We’re shining a light. Yes, and the issues that we have to pay attention, but also on the things that are working on the things that we can pay attention to scale them up because they are solutions to bigger problems if we scale them up.

Edie: 28:27 And it brings us to this issue about human capital. So building roads, investing in capital capital expenditure. It’s easy, it’s fast, you spend money and you see a result. Investing in human capital takes longer. It takes patience, but what we’ve learned from China and India is that if you do invest that money, you see the results.

Claudia: 28:50 So we want to leave you with a sense of progress. We want to leave you with a sense of interconnectedness and investment on human capital.

Edie:                                    28:58                   So if you take the goal, here are facts and actions that we’re going to give you back. Fact Number one, since 2000 more than a billion people have lifted themselves out of poverty.

Edie 29:09 That number is so huge. It’s almost impossible to appreciate what an enormous achievement it is.

Claudia: 29:14 Fact, number two, extreme poverty is becoming heavily concentrated in some regions in sub Saharan African countries in particular. By 2050, that is where 86 percent of the extremely poor people living on less than $1.9 a day are projected to leave fact.

Edie: 29:32 Fact Number three, for most African countries, the outlook is positive. For example, Ethiopia once known principally in the West for famine will likely almost eliminate extreme poverty by 2050. That brings us to our actions. These are taken from be the change. Number one, clean out your pantry, fill a box with nonperishable foods and donate it to a food bank. I actually did this this morning before I got on the plane to come here and I know that in London cans of tomatoes and fruits are always welcome,

Claudia: 30:03 Actual number two do something good. Volunteer, or actually sponsor a child so that they can have access to food or education or health. Our producer, Michelle does that for our boy in Malawi. There are many organizations out there that I have an option for you to engage. Save the Children World Vision, UNICEF, World Food Program. Just go and do something

Edie:  30:26 And action number three on your birthday, offer the option to donate money to your chosen charity in replacement of a gift. I think you did this the other day? You can even do this on your facebook page

Claudia: 30:37  And those things do matter. Now, for the second part of Edie’s interview with Amanda Cumberland from our response or Cisco. Stay tuned because you want to hear about what Cisco is doing. I tell you. In 2016, Cisco setup an ambitious goal to positively impact 1 billion people with digital solutions by 2025.

Edie:  31:00  Tell me about the technologies skills that people will need. I talk with my kids all the time about why are you doing more coding in school, but then I hear teachers telling me what all. It’s not just coding that they need, what does schools need to be doing?

Amanda CISCO: 31:12  In our city, We looked at things based on her own database and so besides programming, application development, I think are big skills now currently. And in the future, but also skills around security, cyber security, and that’s a real big growing area that we’ve seen with other research actually to. It’s critical because of all the connections that are happening, so how do you secure the networks? How do you secure all this data that’s happening? Also because of data you can imagine data analytics, data scientists are more and more in demand. It’s one of my passions, something that I’ve always been interested in and done, but now it’s even more pervasive and needed across industries, across jobs.

Edie:  31:51 Analyzing all the data that comes in

Amanda CISCO:  31:53 And it’s for anyone almost, its good for them to have some data skills even if they’re not sort of phd, you know, modeling type data, analytics people. There’s so much data that just understanding how to navigate data, understand data.

Edie:  32:05 And I know that just goes, there’s a lot of work, not just with the middle school kids on the Global Problem Solvers, but with high schools, with colleges, community colleges. Tell me what that is and the effect you’ve seen on those people who’ve gone through it.

Amanda CISCO:  32:18  We have a huge program coming out with King Academy Program. It’s actually 20 years old now. [Ah, Congratulations!] Yes, and we have over a million students a year. I take horses and that’s lucky like you mentioned through high schools, through community colleges or universities around the world and we were very proud of that program. We developed a curriculum, we give it away for free to the schools to use and it is teaching technology skills, networking skills, which are also, networking is the foundation for digital. Without the network, none of the connections, IOT, you name it can happen. So looking at only networking, we have courses around IOT, also security that we talked about and then maybe an entrepreneurship skills and things like that. So it’s great That’s if you’re in one of the schools are set up for Networking Academy program, you know, we, you can go to Netacad.com and see more about like what if there’s a school nearby that’s actually teaching our curriculum. But we’re really excited about it and what we’ve noticed is in terms of outcomes, you know, that students that take our courses, at least what we call our CCNA program, which is teaching networking skills that’s aligned to with our industry certification or CCNA certifications and those students who have at least taken all those four courses and also some of the students that have taken just one or two of those CCNA courses, We found that um, one point 6 million students over the past, since 2005 really have said that they’ve gotten a brand new job because of taking courses. So they attributed it to our courses. Yeah. So we’re, and again, that’s around the world and over 170 countries. So.

Edie: 33:47 Great. Well thank you very much for stopping. I know you’ve got a plane to catch. We’ll let you go get it. Um, but thank you very much for joining us and we will see you again. Thanks for joining us. Do you follow us on facebook, instagram, twitter, subscribe to our podcasts. Give us five stars. We’ll love you forever. This is Ed Lush

Claudia: 34:10  And I am Claudia Romo Edelman

Edie 34:11 And this is the Global GoalsCast

Claudia: 34:13 Thank you for being with us. Bye

Credits:   34:19 Thank you to our partners at the United Nations, Unicef, World Food Program, UN Foundation, SDG action campaign of the Office of the UN Development Program, International Office for Migration, International Development Law Organization, malaria no more, rollback malaria, project everyone and public foundation. We are also grateful for the support of Hub culture, SAS, cultural intelligence, Freud’s communication, Saatchi and Saatchi action button, and of course CBS news. Digital

The Next Generations: We Can’t Save the World Without Them

” The youth will be the future leaders of countries, captains of industries, the innovators to solve some of the world’s toughest challenges.” Tae Yoo, SVP of Corporate Affairs, Cisco

Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals will make the world a better place for all, but the world cannot reach these goals without the active energy and new thinking of young people. Edie Lush and Claudia Romo Edelman explore that idea in this episode about youth and political activism. Speaking to young people on every continent, they find a strong desire to team up with friends to solve social problems, though, they also hear concerns about “clicktivism,” a tendency to confuse expressing a desire for action on social media with real action. This episode touches on the increasing role of young women as leaders and the shapers of agendas, including more attention to issues of concern to women, such as menstrual health, as well as efforts to bring more women into politics and governing. Also, hear how our sponsor, Cisco, introduces you to a valuable resource for youth, Global Problem Solvers: The Series.

Featured guests

Aditi Sharma

@aditiraisharma Aditi is currently a Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) student at the Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, Pennsylvania. She is a fierce advocate for women’s health, specifically menstrual health and hygiene. Most recently, she was the Health Focal Point for the Emergency Medical Response Team at the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Chautara, Sindhupalchok, the epicenter of the 2015 Nepal earthquake. As the sole health program officer for the IOM in the region which suffered the highest casualty, she covered a wide range of responsibilities. In 2014, Aditi founded Kalyani with peers who are also dedicated to improving the lives of women in Nepal. This NGO works to empower women through promoting sustainable livelihoods.

Kenny Imafidon

@kennyimafidon Kenny is the co-founder & Managing Director of ClearView Research Ltd, a leading-edge research company, who specialize in research focussing on young people and social impact evaluation. Described by Huffington Post UK as a “young rising star making waves in UK politics,” Kenny has written influential & award-winning publications and has led on innovative partnerships with global brands such as Uber, Tinder and Deliveroo, on campaigns to get young people registered to vote and turnout in UK elections and the EU referendum. His work in both the worlds of research and politics has taken him around the world to countries such as, the United States, Brazil, Austria, Tunisia, Israel, and Hong Kong.

Tabata Amaral

@tabataamaralsp Tabata Amaral, 24-years old, is an education activist. She graduated magna cum laude with highest honors in Government and Astrophysics from Harvard College. Coming from the outskirts of São Paulo, Tabata is the co-founder of Movimento Acredito, a political renovation movement, and Movimento Mapa Educação, a movement that strives for a quality education for all Brazilians, accompanying educational policies and holding debates to make education, in fact, a priority in the national agenda. She received the “Makes Difference” Prize of O Globo (Society/ Education Category) in 2016, McKinsey’s Next Generation Women Leader Award in 2017 and Glamour’s Women of the Year in 2018.

Tae Yoo

Tae leads Cisco’s social investments and stewards CSR and sustainability across the business. She directs Cisco’s business, technical, and financial assets to accelerate global problem solving to positively impact people, society, and the planet.  Under Tae’s leadership, Corporate Affairs strives to inspire, connect, and invest in global problem solvers to nurture innovative solutions and catalyze an entrepreneurial ecosystem that supports progress and inclusive growth. Corporate Affairs also invests in developing digital skills so everyone can participate in the digital economy and become a global problem solver. Corporate Affairs has committed to positively impact 1 billon people by 2025. A founding Cisco employee, Tae pioneered Cisco’s Business Development – establishing new markets through partnerships for joint product and market development. She is a Trustee of the Cisco Foundation, a member of the Service Year Alliance Board and of the World Economic Forum Global Future Council on Education, Gender and Work.

Katie Clemens

Katherine Clemens is a manager for K-12 initiatives that help strengthen the pipeline for entrepreneurship and innovation. She is responsible for designing and implementing programs related to learning through design thinking and hands-on applied projects, including teacher training and high school after-school clubs and programs. Prior to joining ASU, Katherine served as an English teacher at Maryvale High School, where she designed and implemented an innovative, rigorous curriculum that resulted in unprecedented student growth and achievement. Katherine entered the teaching profession in 2010 through Teach For America, an organization that seeks to raise student achievement in high-need schools. She continues to serve as a content leader for Teach For America, facilitating professional development sessions for corps members and supporting teachers in planning and implementing strong curriculums. Katherine received her B.A. in political science from Purdue University and her M.Ed. in secondary education from ASU’s Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College. 

Laleh Khalili

@LalehKhalili Laleh Khalili is a professor of Middle East Politics at SOAS University of London and author of Heroes and Martyrs of Palestine: Politics of National Commemoration and Time in the Shadows: Confinement in Counterinsurgencies.

Isatou Bittaye

@ladeebittaye Isatou Bittaye is a human rights advocate and feminist with almost a decade of experience working in women’s and girls’ rights and young people’s empowerment. She serves as the Communications Manager of The Girls’ Agenda, a youth led organization working for the empowerment of young women and girls and advocating to end FGM, child marriage, promoting sexual and reproductive health rights, life skills and leadership, and girl’s access to education. Previously, she served as the Senior Program Officer at the National Council for civic Education where she led the programs team and educated Gambian citizens on their constitutional rights and civic duties and responsibility to hold the government accountable. She holds a BSc. in Political Science from the University of The Gambia and Master’s in International Studies from National Chengchi University in Taiwan.

Celina de Sola

Celina de Sola is Co-Founder and Vice President of Programs at Glasswing. She aims to design and implement innovative, community-based initiatives that bring institutions and people together through joint action. After almost a decade leading humanitarian responses and developing public health programs in over 20 countries around the world, Celina decided to return to her home country of El Salvador. Celina is an alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania (BA) and its Graduate School of Social Policy and Practice (MSW), as well as Harvard University’s School of Public Health (MPH). Celina is a Fellow of Ashoka, LEGO Foundation Re-Imagine Learning, Penn Social Impact House, and is a Tällberg Foundation Global Leader. 

Lori Adelman

Lori Adelman is the Director of Youth  of Women DeliverEngagement. An advocate and mediamaker focusing on race, gender, and sexual and reproductive rights, Lori has a decade of experience promoting the health and rights of women and girls in the U.S. and globally. Lori was formerly the Director of Global Communications at Planned Parenthood Federation of America and Executive Director at Feministing.com, a popular and award-winning online community run by and for young feminists. Lori has also worked at the United Nations Foundation on the Secretary-General’s flagship Every Woman Every Child initiative, and at the International Women’s Health Coalition and Human Rights Watch. As a leading voice on feminist and women’s rights issues, Lori frequently consults, speaks and publishes on feminism, activism and movement-building. She has appeared on outlets such as MSNBC and WNYC, and in publications like Elle, The Grio, Rookie Magazine and The New York Times. She has contributed to several books such as “The Feminist Utopia Project” and “My Freshman Year of Life”.

This episode was made possible thanks to the support of

Additional Resources

Global Problem Solvers: The Series (by CISCO)

Preparing for the Future As technology continues to shape our world, it is becoming increasingly important to prepare future business leaders and workers with the right digital skills. That’s why Global Problem Solvers: The Series has been designed for students during a critical development period and inflection point in STEM adoption. Through this program, we aim to demystify technology and explore the potential of the Internet of Things (IoT) for social good. By leveraging an engaging combination of animated stories and activities, the program helps educators introduce students to important skills like complex problem solving, critical thinking, creativity, people management, and coordinating with others. It also emphasizes social consciousness, entrepreneurship, and the potential of technology to accelerate bringing positive change to the world. More Than Just Ideas Students focus on real-world social, economic, and environmental problems around the world. Through the program, they learn that coming up with ideas is just the first step in problem solving. While interacting with each other, they discover the stages of making ideas real – design, manufacturing, deployment, maintenance, and funding. By approaching social change as an entrepreneur and applying technology to accelerate the difference they can make, students are challenged to find solutions that are scalable and sustainable. In doing so, they also learn the skills they will need to thrive in an increasingly digital world. Cisco Corporate Social Responsibility believes that our future will be defined by global problem solvers – global citizens ready to thrive in a connected and digital future by thinking like entrepreneurs, innovating like technologists, and acting as agents of social change.

Transcript

[00:02] Tabata: How politics works, everything’s made for young people not to be a part.

[00:08] Kenny Imafidon: If you don’t do politics, then politics will do you.

[00:11] Celina de Sola: The generation below the current millennials is about action. They are taking situations and issues into their hands and their being a lot more vocal about it.

[00:22] Speaker 1: Don’t romanticize the youth, but don’t also demonize them.

[00:27] Edie Lush: This is the Global GoalsCast.

[00:29] Claudia Edelman: The podcast that explores if we can change the world.

[00:33] Edie Lush: In this episode, are young people the secret to achieving the global goals?

[00:37] Claudia Edelman: We will dive into that question right after this.

[00:41] CREDITS: This episode was made possible thanks to the support of CISCO. And thank you to HARMAN, the official sound of Global GoalsCast.

[00:51] Edie Lush: Welcome back I’m Edie Lush.

[00:53] Claudia Edelman: And I’m Claudia Romo Edelman

[00:55] Edie Lush: And for this episode of the Global GoalsCast, we want to look at a very big and very basic question.

[01:00] Claudia Edelman: That is right Edie. We have talked about how big a task it will be to achieve the sustainable development goals and how us, somehow older folks…

[01:09] Edie Lush: Hang on. Are you calling me old?

[01:11] Claudia Edelman: Of course not! How we owe it to future generations to create this more equal, more sustainable world, the one that the global goals envision by 2030. One of the things that I see unique about our podcast is incredible range of partners that we have, more than 12 UN agencies, more than 35 non for profit companies, All of them, depositing their trust on us to tell their story. And what we have in common, all of us is the desire to have a better world and we know that this framework of the sustainable development goals cannot be achieved without young people getting involved.

[01:49] Edie Lush: Right? Here’s the thing we want to talk about today: These goals aren’t just something we do for the next generations, but with the next generations or we are never going to get there.

[01:59] Claudia Edelman: Exactly. It requires young people’s energy, their creativity, and most of all their new thinking to be the change that is needed on everything, from gender equality to climate change.

[02:10] Edie Lush: Not Too much to ask, is it?

[02:11] Claudia Edelman: Well, why don’t we actually wait until later to answer that question and start with what you found out about what some young people are already doing.

[02:21] Edie Lush: Thanks Claudia. We know that the famous or infamous millennial generation is rapidly becoming the largest demographic group in the world. In some countries they already are. These are folks as old as 38 and as young as 23, so they’re already adults and even their younger brothers and sisters, that so-called generation z or generation zed in the UK, are starting to leave their teen years. I’ve been there for too long. So what is their impact already and what will it be between now and 2030 to find out? I started by meeting several young people who are already working hard on the future. The range is breathtaking. One is using tinder in London to encourage voter registration. In both Africa and Latin America, I found others working to get more young people and women to run for office, but let’s start in Nepal with a fight to end the ostracism of women during their periods.

[03:19] Aditi Sharma: I went to England and I did my masters of public health from there. I found an organization called I RISE international, who were working with menstrual hygiene in east Africa and I introduced them to this problem in Nepal. And then when I came back I got a couple of my friends together and I said, guys, we have to do something about this. So we started an NGO called Kalyani, which is a youth-led organization because it’s all of my friends from undergrad and we work specifically in menstrual hygiene.

[03:55] Edie Lush: That’s Aditi Sharma. She’s a young leader with our fantastic partner, Women Deliver, describing something we found all over the world, young women and men banding together working in teams as a community to address whatever problem most concerned them.

[04:10] Aditi Sharma: So it started in 2011 when I took a trip to the far western region of Nepal. And I found out about this practice called chhaupadi, which was rampantly practice there, where women and girls were banished to outdoor sheds during their periods because they were considered impure and untouchable. Coming from Kathmandu where I was, uh, you know, raised in a very liberal family, I was shocked that, you know, might come to fights in the rural areas of Nepal were suffering. So that’s how I started working in women’s health and especially menstrual hygiene.

[04:50] Edie Lush: Aditi created a small NGO with her friends from university and raised money to work in western Nepal. I heard this same idea all around the world. Let’s get together and get something done.

[05:01] Kenny Imafidon: For me, the key reason why I really got involved in political participation and voter engagement and voter registration was because once I realized that all the issues I care about are political, then that means that I need to be involved in politics.

[05:16] Edie Lush: Kenny Imafidon. He’s an ambassador for another great partner of ours, One Young World.

[05:21] Kenny Imafidon: I come from a place called Peckham in Southeast London, which is considered as a very deprived community growing up.

[05:27] Edie Lush: And when he was just 17, Kenny was arrested with several of his friends and right after his 18th birthday, charged as an adult with murder. His friends went to prison, but Kenny’s case was thrown out, a very narrow escape. Indeed.

[05:41] Kenny Imafidon: That just really was for me a life changing, a life changing moment. And it was just something that just take my whole perspective on life, truly.

[05:52] Edie Lush: Kenny, now 24 years old, wants to make things better for kids like him.

[05:57] Kenny Imafidon: Very fundamental. If decisions are being made about people like us involved in that process, then of course injustice is going to continue, if that makes sense. And I feel like no matter issue you care about around criminal justice, the environment, housing, inequality, politics is at the heart of it. And if people are not participating then there’s going to be problems. Like I always say, if you not at the table where decisions are made, then that means you are on menu.

[06:33] Edie Lush: So how do you increase political participation for young people, especially from those coming from marginalized communities?

[06:40] Kenny Imafidon: The major irony in politics is that those who are most affected by the decisions that politicians make, are the ones who are least likely to participate. And as a result, we are the ones who when there’s time for cuts to be made, you suffer the most and that’s mainly because a lot of these politicians don’t feel like there’ll be any backlash from them making decisions. And particularly young people, you can just [inaudible] the UK to use as a, use as an example, if you look at what young people get compared to what much older voters who vote get, there’s massive differences. The main thing has been around actually truly empowering people to know their rights and to understand that actually that if you don’t do politics, then politics will do you. we were the organization who coordinated the national voter registration drive, which, which is the most successful registration drive in any Western democracy.

[07:44] Kenny Imafidon: And we partnered with people, like Uber for example. When people ordering their Uber during the week of National Register drive, whilst I was on the APP, they’ll get a message whilst they are waiting for the cab, and the uber usually takes three minutes to come, and during that time, they get a message that flashes up on the screen that says, don’t be a, don’t be a passenger on the decisions affecting your life, register to vote now.

[08:09] Edie Lush: Now tell me about how it worked with tinder.

[08:12] Kenny Imafidon: And Tinder, whilst people were swiping, doing what they do on Tinder, they would see, they would see one of our cards come up. And then we actually done two campaigns. One they see our card up and then they do a quiz, and then after the quiz, they encouraged to register to vote. And then we’ve also done one where it was just like a photo and then once they click on it, they get a message that kind of just tells them, look, you need to go and register. And it was literally that simple, we were bringing the conversation to where people already are.

[08:44] Edie Lush: In both Latin America and Africa, I spoke to women who are going a step further increasing voting and running for office, too. I spoke to Tabata Amaral de Pontes, a one world ambassador who grew up in Sao Paulo, one of the largest cities in the world.

[09:00] Kenny Imafidon: It became clear with the years that if I really wanted to change education in Brazil, I need to change politics. But the party system here and just how our politics works, Everything’s made for young people not to be a part and for like normal people, common people to be scared and not engage in politics. So that’s why together are friends from all over Brazil, we are in 15 states out of the 27, we decided to found a political movement. Our biggest goal is to fight inequality in Brazil and we went to engage ordinary people in politics again. We are building our own agenda to fight inequality. We always invite people in our nuclei around Brazil to do politics in a daily basis. So there’s so much we can do because our politicians are really not used to having us mobilizing and engaging and protesting and so on. And we also selected by voting to any foreign leaders all over Brazil to represent the movement in this year’s election. And that’s amazing because if I was alone, there was no way I would be a candidate this year. But when I saw the possibility of doing that with people that I trust, that come from similar backgrounds as mine and at the same time represent the diversity of Brazil, entering politics for the right reasons, that gave me a lot of motivation and hope and courage maybe .

[10:41] Claudia Edelman: What interesting stories Edie, and always that idea: together with friends,

[10:45] Edie Lush: Like us!

[10:46] Claudia Edelman: …as Tabata was putting it – exactly like us this morning working out before coming here or yesterday when we were at the United Nations, when you were getting your award!

[10:54] Edie Lush: I know which I brought into the studio with me. And it’s such a great award Media for Social Impact from the United Nations!

[11:01] Claudia Edelman: Because now you made the Global GoalsCast an award winning podcast! Okay, so but first something new and special for us here at the Global GoalsCast, we have sponsors and our new sponsor is Cisco, that has been powering the internet, since 1984.

[11:18] Edie Lush: I didn’t even know the Internet existed then!

[11:20] Claudia Edelman: And they have a story they want us to share with you.

[11:24] GPS: I , Putri, have called together this group of Extraordinary teens, Adrian Gilliam, Christina and Sitoshi. We are the Global Problem Solvers. So many crises in the world require creativity and teamwork to solve.

[11:40] Claudia Edelman: So that was a clip from the Global Problem Solvers. A cartoon that Cisco created as part of an education program. I spoke to Tae Yoo senior vice president of corporate affairs at Cisco and Katie Clemens, director of youth entrepreneurship and innovation from the Arizona State University about the work they are doing to inspire young people. Wow. Those are long titles.

[12:06] Tae Yoo: The youth will be the future leaders of countries, captains of industries, the innovators to solve some of the world’s toughest challenges. And so Cisco hass always banked on the young people and the future potential of the youth and what they can do. We also wanted to make sure that we work with youth in the middle school and below area to really create this web series, it’s called the Global Problem Solvers: The Series, and this is a web series for students who are younger than our traditional, uh, youth programs and to help these students explore entrepreneurship, learn life skills and basically how to use knowledge for social good.

[12:50] Katie Clemens: The schools that we work with, all are high need schools in underserved communities and the students throughout the course of the year, they watched the GPS theories, but along the way they also came up with their own new idea for a solution to a challenge in their community. So they learned the entrepreneurial process and then they actually got to apply it at the same time. The feedback that we got from both students and teachers was that it was incredible to have 11, 12, 13 year olds in these real world situations where they are truly tackling something that impacts them in their community and then there are also thinking about it at a global level too. We’re experiencing in this here, but how are other people experiencing this across the world?

[13:36] Tae Yoo: The animation series is designed for people in middle school and below because we want them to develop an entrepreneurial muscle and then be able to exercise that muscle on a regular basis so you come of age confident that you have the capability to be a Global Problem Solver. And then to be able to work globally as a team many times is virtually, you can still have a dramatic impact and become a true social entrepreneur.

[14:05] Katie Clemens: They want to help solve problems of tomorrow. They want to know how to do that. The ‘I want’ is the easier part, the ‘I can’ is the tougher one. And we really work with programs like this on building their self efficacy. They want to change the world through technology, but how do we help show them that they really can do it?

[14:28] Claudia Edelman: Welcome back. More from that Cisco program later. And we’ll also hear from the kids who were inspired by the Global Problem Solvers. We’re talking about companies that are doing good. I think that our audience and consumers want to know where to make their choices. Now, Edie, let’s go back to our discussion of the next generation. There is always a next generation.

[14:49] Edie Lush: That sounds like Star Trek…

[14:49] Claudia Edelman: So the question is how is this one any different?

[14:51] Edie Lush: So I think I know the answer. It’s the engagement of women and therefore women’s voices being heard much more and the issues they care about being heard. Claudia, you remember Aditi, who’s working in menstrual health in Nepal, so as a member of generation X, I’m not that much older than her, but I can’t ever remember discussing periods outside of sex education class. I wanted to see if this was a broader theme. So I spoke to a friend of mine, Lally Khalili, she’s a professor of Middle East politics at so us University of London and an author of several excellent books about the Middle East.

[15:28] Laleh Khalili: One of the things that May, 2011 in some ways very different than past revolutionary or moments of revolt in Europe and North America and parts of the world say 1968 and then it was a very significant one, was the extent to which an everywhere – I’m thinking Bahrain, I’m thinking Yemen, I’m thinking Egypt, even Syria before the civil war broke out – How much women were not only figureheads, not only people who appeared on say video streaming or news reports, but actually in the organizing of protests and events. How much young women were at the forefront of the youth activism. And I think that this is one of those big changes that has happened, that is that has partially to do with the changes in the political economy of most countries where more and more women are becoming educated and are stepping in to the workforce and they’re facing some of the same problems that the young men are facing in economies which have slowed down or sluggish. So on the one hand, they’re very educated and on the other hand they can’t get jobs. But what is particularly interesting is that of course in all societies, there’s a lot more social pressure on women to conform to certain gender norms of behavior. Even in places which have progressive reputations. Women are still considered to be as much significant for their biological functions, for example, for their ability to bear children, as they are for being members of the society, earning or being active or whatnot. And what makes it particularly interesting in the Arab world was how much the young women who stepped forward rejected these gender norms. They fought alongside the men. They were as articulate, if not more articulate than the men. And in many instances some of the courage they showed, for example, Maria Malka Raja in Bahrain in sitting in while the police was trying to drag her out of the of the square where the protests were going out or a number of the women who organized not only interior square in Cairo, but also in the factories in the suburbs of Cairo. And the women were at the forefront. Of this, and I think that this is really exciting and it’s something that we should watch out for.

[17:41] Claudia Edelman: So a big new dynamic, we’re seeing more and more young women working in the public sphere.

[17:47] Edie Lush: Like Isatou Bittaye, she’s young leader from our amazing partner, Women Deliver. From The Gambia and she is passionate about increasing female representation in politics.

[17:58] Isatou Bittaye: Women are about 13 percent in the current parliament, which is quite low because if you look at the history of Gambian politics, women have always been participating. They have always been voting. They have always been mobilizing and campaigning for men who are running for elections. We have a new government and the, according to the information coming out from the government, that will be a new constitution, so we believe that women should equally be represented in decision making, at least they should meet the UN recommendation of 30 percent in all decision making level. Also, we are writing and lobbying and also talking to people that have influence in the political parties to ensure that the political parties have constitutions that are gender friendly because most of the political parties have women as members, but when you look at the party structures, if you have 15 people who are executive members of the party, maybe just four or three are women. That’s an agenda balance, so we’re talking to partners to make sure at least they have more women or equal women as men in their party executive committees.

[19:09] Edie Lush: Let’s hear more from Tabata Amaral De Pontes, running for Congress in Brazil. She finds it for her, running for office means breaking the current political system.

[19:18] Tabata: You need to be affiliated to a party in order to run in Brazil. We have thirty five parties which is a lot. They don’t represent 35 projects of Brazil judges, institutions that have access to public funding and basically have the monopoly of deciding who is going to or not. Our parties don’t have internal voting to decide the candidates. They are required by law to have 30 percent of their list dedicated to women, but that doesn’t mean anything when you see that the woman, the parties are not receiving funding, visibility and so on. And that’s the same for young people, so in order for you to appear in a parties list to receive funding, to receive visibility, tv time, etc, probably you are son or brother or nephew of someone important in politics. I have friends all over the world who identify with the sentiment we have here in Brazil regarding politics, that its not made for us. It doesn’t represent us and it’s time for us to do something and take our future back.

[20:32] Edie Lush: In a minute, we’re going to ask that question. Are we expecting too much from the next generations?

[20:36] Claudia Edelman: But first, the rest of that inspiring story from our sponsor, Cisco on their Global Problem Solvers program.

[20:43] Edie Lush: You got it!

[20:45] Katie Clemens: During the first series of students is in Malawi and they come across this problem that there are contaminated and broken wells in the home, in their home communities.

[20:58] GPS: Young people in Malawi don’t have access to clean drinking water. 3,000 children die each year as a result.

[21:04] Katie Clemens: So that’s causing lots of challenges, including students having to walk quite a long way to access clean water. They’re not able to be in school during that time and as they dive deeper into the problem, they just realized that the impact is much more than they ever could have imagined.

[21:23] GPS: The demand in Malawi is simple, Christina, clean drinking water.

[21:28] Katie Clemens: They brainstorm and they brainstorm and they devised this network of sensors so they start to set up this network and they test it and they run into problems. ones along the way and one of those is extreme flooding. So they have a flooding situation and they have to really stop and say, okay, let’s go back and we need to figure out how we’re going to overcome this and work together. And it really shows you that entrepreneurship and innovation is a process. They have their challenges, they worked through them and then they come up with a business plan.

[21:59] GPS: Hey guys, remember when I was diving in Lake Malawi, I realized that we need to involve local people in our solution for it to succeed. That’s right.

[22:09] Katie Clemens: Finally, at the end they shared their new social enterprise and they begin spreading it more widely and they begin marketing and sharing via social media and they have this final functioning company and entity that they’ve come up with.

[22:25] GPS Students: My idea’s a watch that can contact the police with just a simple touch of a button, has gestures. Um, you can customize it, you know, it comes in different colors and it’s very cheap, cheaper than most watches.

[22:38] GPS Students: I get to help people around the world with flooding. So our project that we’re doing is a device that helps detect you droning and it can save people’s lives. We started off not knowing anything and we went on knowing more about technology and marketing business.

[22:57] GPS Students: I enjoyed working with my friends and just coming up with ideas that can help change the world. You know, you never get to do this when you’re this young and you know, it kind of prepares you for when you’re older.

[23:08] GPS Students: It’s inspired by goals because it helps me help more people and a community with problems they have everyday.

[23:17] GPS Students: To help others around you. Don’t be selfish basically to help people in need. There’s more people that need help and I have the power to help them create something that can really change the world.

[23:28] Katie Clemens: I encourage everyone to check out gps to theories.com. There are tons of great resources there.

[23:35] Tae Yoo: We would love for you all to provide feedback, share it with schools and your own children, students, you know, educators, and then you can download the teacher’s guide on the GPS Series, website, gpstheseries.com. We are all Global Problem Solvers and collectively we can solve the biggest, most challenging issues that we face in the world today.

[24:00] GPS Students: I’m a global problem solver. I’m a global problem solver. I am a global problem solver. I am a global problem solver.

[24:09] Claudia Edelman: Tae Yoo from Cisco, Katie Clemens from the Arizona State University and some of the children taking part in the Global Problem Solvers program. So Edie, we tend to get very excited about all the changes young people bring with their energy and enthusiasm, but do we sometimes get too excited? Are we putting too much on them?

[24:33] Edie Lush: Excellent question. Celina de Sola, she’s coming to us from our partner global dignity is 42 and she is at times exasperated by the millennial generation.

[24:43] Celina de Sola: The generation below the current millennials is about action and yes, there’s social media, but I really feel confident that they are taking situations and issues into their hands and they’re being a lot more vocal about it. Will that translate into political participation? I’m not sure yet because they’re coming into the age when they can vote so that we’ll see. In Nicaragua for example, the entire movement was driven by young university students and even younger students. So I think there’s definitely some things are turning around. We really need to really propel that forward in the most constructive way because it can also be destructive if it’s, you know, if we don’t give them the tools and the information.

[25:30] Edie Lush: Kenny also has cautionary words about his generation.

[25:34] Kenny Imafidon: So the one thing I would definitely say is that yes, millennials are definitely more socially conscious than older generations. That is for sure. However, it is also a lot of research that shows that despite millennials being more socially conscious and saying, that they care about feelings. However, did at least a generation that should do something about it.

[25:57] Edie Lush: That’s a bit scary, isn’t it?

[25:59] Kenny Imafidon:Yeah, and also that’s because given the world of online, we’re now in and the rise of clicktivism, as you could call it, a lot of people feel like once I’ve expressed it online, then that’s really it.

[26:11] Edie Lush: And Laleh Khalili, says, we shouldn’t project our hopes and dreams onto a vast generation.

[26:16] Laleh Khalili: The youth are often romanticized. We see them, we hear about them as agents of change. We hear about them as sort of progressive forces for the future harshly because of the ways in which the creativity of the youth and changing popular culture is so incredibly visible. We tend to think of them as perhaps an outsize kind of a category for the transformation of the social. This also happens in the negative sense in the in the sense that a lot of fear mongering, for example, about the Middle East tends to pivot around the figure of disaffected unemployed youth who tend to outnumber jobs and therefore because they’re unemployed and bored, they’re going to be radicalized. Both of those cliches don’t take account of the fact that you’ve are different in different times and in different places. They come from different social classes they have, they come from very different kinds of backgrounds. They come from different kinds of exposure to degrees of activism.

[27:14] Edie Lush: Before we wrap up, Claudia, I want to share one more observation. This is from Tabata, 24 running for office in Brazil.

[27:21] Tabata: We always say that people in Brazil, they should be less radical on their ideologies, their ideas, and more radical on their practice.

[27:33] Edie Lush: In a world plagued by polarization and partisanship, that is a pretty radical thought and it may well be that the biggest change underway is the new thinking of younger people. Disillusioned by politics as they knew it, eager for action and practical solutions.

[27:48] Claudia Edelman: But we know also that today we’re at this crossroads where were the first innovation that can eradicate extreme poverty for all, but will also the last generation that can stop and mitigate the impact of climate change and for the first time in history we can elevate the playing field for all. There is no way to achieve a better world without the young people really taking control and being powered.

[28:20]: Edie Lush: So now for the part in our show, when we give you three facts to help you look smart in front of your mother-in-law, as well as three actions you can take.

[28:29] Claudia Edelman: Here are the three facts. Number one, the number of youth between 15 and 24 years of age is 1.1 billion, that constitutes 18 percent of the global population. Number two is given to us by Celina de Sola.

[28:46] Celina de Sola: We know that two hours a week of after school clubs improves kids’ grades in math, science, in reading, and also makes them more resilient than their peers. So basically it’s through play, right? It’s learning through play, so doing two hours of something really fun, if it’s well curated, can actually not just improve your life skills, but also your academic performance, your conduct and your resilience.

[29:19] Edie Lush: And fact number three, fifty three percent of global millennials say they often support causes on social media, but don’t act in the offline world.

[29:28] Claudia Edelman: I love the third fact because it talks about young people be buying with their beliefs and voting with their heart, taking action and believing in purpose.

[29:36] Edie Lush: And it also raises that concern about clicktivism like just because I liked something on twitter or facebook doesn’t mean I’ve taken any action.

[29:43] Claudia Edelman: Or does it mean that they are enough actions for people to take if they have their heart in the right place Maybe it’s just about making sure that people know what actions they can be taken.

[29:52] Edie Lush: So here are some actions coming to us from some of the people we spoke to. Here’s Laleh Khalili.

[29:58] Laleh Khalili: Don’t romanticize the youth, but don’t also demonize them. That means that don’t necessarily imagine that just because the youth numbers are increasing, that means that there’s going to be radicalization or instability or whatnot. But don’t also imagine that youth are going to be the foot soldiers of progressive causes. They can very easily be attracted to quite right wing or quite destructive forms of mobilization.

[30:25] Edie Lush: Next one comes to us from our partner women deliver from Laurie Edelman. She’s the director of youth engagement

[30:31] Lori Adelman: Support the youth advocates in your community, see them, support them, don’t just offer them a seat at the table. Don’t just call them the future of our world, but offer them actual resources, support and capacity building so that they can engage today and if your listeners are interested to continue these conversations, the women deliver 2019 conference taking place in Vancouver in June 2019 is a great place to do that.

[31:03] Edie Lush: And finally Aditi Sharma.

[31:05] Aditi Sharma: We could start with destigmatizing menstruation and it’s just simple things you know, like stop using euphemisms for example, like stop trying to hide your sanitary products from other people just talking openly about menstruation.

[31:21] Claudia Edelman: The last action that we always recommend for you to take is to read Factfulness, to believe that the world is making progress and be engaged in the change that you can be.

[31:36] Edie Lush: So thank you for listening. Please subscribe to us at Apple podcast or wherever you listen. Follow us on twitter, instagram, and facebook at global goals cast and like, subscribe and download our latest episodes.

[31:47] Claudia Edelman: That was Edie Lush and I am Claudia Romo Edelman

[31:50] Edie Lush: And this is the Global GoalsCast.

[31:52] Claudia Edelman: Thank you for being with us.

[31:56] CREDITS: Thank you for the ongoing support of our partners. UN Foundation, World Food Programme, UNICEF, Malaria No More, Rollback Malaria, UNDP SDG Action Campaign, the United Nations, Project Everyone, IDLO, the International Office for Migration, Action Button, Global Dignity, Women Deliver, One Young World, GAVI, Save the Children, RED, Apolitical, UN University, Slow Food, Mercy Corps and Yunis Social Business. Music in this episode was by Andrew Phillips, Angelica Garcia, Simon James, Asheesh Pilawal, and Ellis. This podcast is powered by CBS news digital.

Bonus Episode: Feed Our Future – LIVE from Cannes Lions

Creativity is about bravery, commitment, and finding the best way to reach consumers. The UN World Food Programme is also about bravery, commitment, and finding the best way to reach the starving. Their workplace is not Soho or Manhattan—it’s Yemen, Syria and Somalia. This SAWA seminar is about how these two worlds interact using creativity to solve Sustainable Development Goal – Zero Hunger. See the launch of Global Cinema ad “Feed our Future” and hear the creative inspiration behind the work. The seminar will also discuss the “Share The Meal” app—a way for delegates to actively participate. A glass of rosé is part of the Cannes experience, but by giving just a sip away, you can help move the world closer to achieving this goal. Supported by: Cannes Lions, UN WFP, Dolby, Barco, Unique, NCM, Knowit, Finch

Featured guests

Sir John Hegarty

Sir John Hegarty has been central to the global advertising scene over six decades. He was a founding partner of Saatchi and Saatchi in 1970. And then TBWA in 1973. He founded Bartle Bogle Hegarty in 1982 with John Bartle and Nigel Bogle. The agency now has offices 7 offices around the world. He has been given the D&AD President’s Award for outstanding achievement and in 2014 was admitted to the US AAF Hall of Fame. John was awarded a Knighthood by the Queen in 2007 and was the recipient of the first Lion of St Mark award at the Cannes Festival of Creativity in 2011. John has written 2 books, ‘Hegarty on Advertising – Turning Intelligence into Magic’ and ‘Hegarty on Creativity – there are no rules’. In 2014 John helped set up The Garage Soho, an early stage investor company that believes in building brands, not just businesses.

Terry Savage

Terry Savage is Chairman of Cannes Lions, the world’s leading celebration of creativity in communications. Prior to his appointment in 2003 as CEO of Cannes Lions, Terry Savage, an Australian national, was Executive Chairman of the global cinema advertising company Val Morgan, in Australia. Under his leadership, Val Morgan expanded from Australia into New Zealand, USA, South America, Middle East and Asia. During this time he was also President of the International advertising trade body SAWA (Screen Advertising World Association). Terry was the Australian representative for Cannes Lions for 15 years and during this period, promoted Australian creativity at the international event.

Corinne Woods

Corinne Woods is the Chief Marketing Officer at the United Nations World Food Programme. Previously, Corinne spearheaded the global launch of the Sustainable Development Goals at the UN having led the campaign which crowd-sourced the Goals from more than 10 million people in 194 countries. Over 25 years, Corinne has led high-profile advocacy and communications initiatives including the now infamous UNICEF collaboration with FC Barcelona and the Say Yes campaign with Nelson Mandela.

H.R.H. Princess Sarah Zeid of Jordan

H.R.H. Princess Sarah Zeid of Jordan is an advocate for women’s, newborn, child and adolescent health and wellbeing in humanitarian and fragile settings. A champion for maternal child health and nutrition, she has supported the World Food Programme’s efforts to provide good nutrition to children in their first 1,000 days, from conception to two years of age, a window of opportunity that can determine a child’s destiny. Princess Sarah founded and led Every Woman Every Child Everywhere, an unprecedented global movement that has mobilized international and national action from governments, the private sector and civil society to address the major health challenges facing women, children and adolescents around the world. She holds a BA in International Relations from the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas, and an MSc in Development Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

Special Thanks to:

Additional Resources

Share The Meal App

ShareTheMeal is an initiative of the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger. Each year, WFP reaches 80 million people with food assistance in around 80 countries. WFP is 100% voluntarily funded, so every donation counts. WFP’s administrative costs are among the lowest in the non-profit sector – with 90% of donations going directly to WFP operations that are building a world with zero hunger.

Transcript

COMING SOON!

Stopping the Scourge of Modern Slavery: HRH Princess Eugenie & Julia de Boinville, Anti-Slavery Collective

” It’s remarkable seeing someone make you believe, like we grumble about rain, but there she is teaching us how we can actually look at the world and how we can fight something.” – HRH Princess Eugenie

Even here in the 21stCentury human beings are still enslaved by other human beings. Hard to believe? Listen to HRH Princess Eugenie of York and her friend and colleague, Julia de Boinville, describe their campaign to stem the scourge of Modern slavery. An estimated 40 million people, many of them women and children, are sold into bondage for sex or labor. The ISIS slave market described by Princess Eugenie may sound much like slave markets of old, but modern slavery can look very different from what you imagine from history. Modern slaves often work in domestic labor or even cleaning offices. They walk among us, explains Ms de Boinville. Edie Lush points out that Sustainable Development Goal eight calls for ending slavery by 2030, as part of creating proper working conditions for all. Princess Eugenie urges every one to play a role by asking how your food and services are brought to you, especially if they seem surprisingly inexpensive. Unquestioning consumers help make Slave labor hugely profitable for businesses who get away with it.

Featured guests

HRH Princess Eugenie of York

Princess Eugenie is a member of the British royal family. She is the younger daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York. She is ninth in line of succession to the British throne, after her elder sister, Princess Beatrice of York. Princess Eugenie completed her degree in Art History, English Literature and Politics at the Newcastle University in 2012. She is currently working at Hauser & Wirth art gallery as a director. She is a Patron of many charities, including the Elephant Family, Teenage Cancer Trust, Coronet Theatre, and Tate Young Patrons. This year, she announced the Anti-Slavery Collective, a new initiative aimed at abolishing modern slavery, with her friend and co-worker, Julia de Boinville.

Julie de Boinville

Julia de Boinville holds a First-Class Honors degree in History from the University of Newcastle. She currently serves as Vice President of Business Development for Afiniti and has manages the Advisory Board. She spent most of her career as an Associate at Floreat Group, a boutique investment company based in London.

Transcript

[00:00:04] Claudia Edelman Welcome to the Global GoalsCast, the podcast that explorers if we can change the world. Every one of our guest of the Global GoalsCast is special, but not every one of our guests is royalty. Today we explore modern slavery with Her Royal Highness Princess Eugenie and Julia de Boinville who are forming the Antislavery Collective. My Co host, Edie Lush, sat down with them recently at the change makers summit in London, organized by our partner, Seven Hills.

[00:00:38] Credits: Thanks to HARMAN, the official sound of Global GoalsCast.

[00:00:47] Edie Lush:So, I am delighted to be joined today by Her Royal Highness, Princess Eugenie and also by Julia de Boinville. You guys have been best friends forever, right? [Over 13 years. It’s quite scary.] That is good. Okay. [I feel old.] Now we’re talking today about fighting the scourge of modern slavery. Tell me first of all your Royal Highness how you guys got involved in this issue.

[00:01:12] HRH Eugenie: Being best friends. Jules and I went with my mom to visit Calcutta, India, back in 2013 and we met, uh, is amazing woman called [inaudible] who started the Women’s Interlink Foundation and she works to take trafficked girls and women off the streets and teaches them a vocational skill such as printing on fabrics, making these amazing handbags and scarves and dresses and just beautiful products. And I’m Jules and I, that was the first time we ever really saw what modern slavery was and human trafficking and what really that is in the modern age. We didn’t know this to the extent of what this global epidemic was. We didn’t know. We thought, oh, William Wilberforce, you know, he did away with it in 1833 and Britain lead the way. And that was just what happened. But we realized then that it’s a huge problem and it happens all across the world and even in an hour from where you live. It’s happening in the UK. So that was our first experience of it.

[00:02:17] Jules: Slavery today is not, it’s not like it was in the 1800’s, you know, slaves walk amongst us. It’s not shackles and chains that they’re normal people walking on the streets. So it’s, it’s really terrifying.

[00:02:30] Edie Lush: And you came back from that and I think something happened with Top Shop. Am I right? Tell me about that.

[00:02:35] HRH Eugenie: So we came back to London and Jules now wants to continue our education. From that, my mom and uh, my father with our help set up the Key to Freedom, which is the sort of fashion brand of Women’s Interlink which sells products done by these girls to shops like top shop, Where 100 percent of the wage goes back to the girls in Calcutta and gives a job, a wage, keeps them off the streets, keeps them going back to their traffickers sometimes which happens. And it was really fulfilling. It was amazing to see that this could actually happen, that we can make change. And so from that Jules and I started our education and have done so for the last five years. Just continued to read as much as we can, meet as many people as we can, talk to policy makers, change makers as we did today, talk to governments and millennials and as many people as possible to really learn about this, but also see how we can affect change.

[00:03:34] Edie Lush: So it’s interesting to me because it’s an issue of affecting every single corner of the world. It’s hard to estimate than actual numbers of people who are in modern slavery. So an estimated around $40 million people. So just to put that in perspective, it’s about the population of Poland. What I love about what you guys have done is go around and educate yourself. So go out and meet some of these people. Tell me a little bit about some of the women you’ve met along the way.

[00:04:01] Jules: One Lady springs to mind. A young lady called Florida. Eugenie and I met Florida at the end of last year and Florida is from the Yazidi tribe in northern Iraq and Florida was trafficked by Isis, the men in her family. So her husband, father, brother, were all killed before her eyes and dumped in a mass grave, her and her sister were then trafficked. And She described these horrific scenes of what sounded more like a sort of cattle market where slaves were taken to the village and traded, you know, and men would buy them mostly for sexual exploitation, keep them for a day, sometimes a week, and when they tired them, they would take them back to the market and trade them in again, and that was her life. And Florida managed to escape only to be recaptured again and for the same horrific ordeal to happen all over again. And then she escaped again. And this is when she came across a wonderful organization called Yazda and Yazda has taken care of her. They’ve helped her write a book, help give her a platform to tell her story. She’s spoken at The Hague and that this is one story that actually has a happy ending. So she now lives in Germany and she’s happily married and she’s devoted her life to helping other people in her situation. But think of all the people who haven’t escaped, but it’s really amazing doing what we do and to be able to meet these people. It’s so incredibly humbling when someone has been through what she’s been through yet still wants to devote her life to this cause.

[00:05:35] Edie Lush: We’re recording this in London. The UK of course, isn’t immune to modern slavery. The National Crime Agency here last week, so that more than 5,000 potential victims of modern slavery and trafficking were referred to UK authorities last year. Half of those or forced labor around a third are People exploited for sexual purposes, once again and children affected more. Tell me about some of your encounters with slavery closer to home.

[00:06:05] HRH Eugenie: There’s about 13,000 people trafficked in the UK and it was a few years ago. Uh, I met the salvation army and they really, really hit home the extent of what’s going on in the UK. We’re leading the charge. We’ve, we’ve passed them on slavery bill, we’ve got an independent slavery commissioner. It’s fantastic the work that’s being done. But I did, we did go and visit the salvation army, went to a safe house and we met this unbelievable go called Sharon because we’ll keep her anonymous, but she was trafficked by her next door neighbor in Manchester to a gang within Manchester and the gang did horrific things to her from setting her on fire, to smashing bottles inside her and from that she’s had countless surgeries to re-correct that and to make her whole again. But what is amazing about this story and what stayed with Jules and I and will stay with us forever is Sharon is the most incredible 21 year old girl You would have me. She walked in and smiled and told her story with such courage and conviction and sat there and said, I just want to fight with you and I just want to make change and I just want to keep going or she wants to do is just keep us going. Like it’s her mission to keep Jules and I fighting. It’s remarkable seeing someone make you believe, like we grumble about rain, but there she is teaching us how we can actually look at the world and how we can fight something. It gives me goosebumps thinking about it and it’s something that we want to continue to do for her.

[00:07:47] Edie Lush: You guys were setting up something called the Antislavery Collective. Tell me how that’s going and what you’re doing.

[00:07:56] Jules: So the Antislavery Collective is all about raising awareness for modern slavery as a global epidemic. Um, and we’ll do this through various different platforms be it a book we want to publish, social media, events, our website. Eugenie and I both believe that two heads are better than one. We don’t want to reinvent the wheel and set up another charity. There are so many amazing organizations out there doing phenomenal work, but we want to shine a light on them and bring people together to share ideas, to share resources, to share data and not just NGOs as well. It’s about getting business leaders, policymakers, NGOs, individuals, all in the same room to convene and agree on, on a way forward to make change.

[00:08:43] HRH Eugenie: And I think the main thing to focus us at the beginning is is a website. I think technology is just the greatest source for us all to actually talk and we kind of forget because I’m not very techie, I’m more creative, but it is the way forward and it’s all about engaging gen Z millennials. It’s about getting a new audience. It’s about getting those new audiences to talk to top level politicians and change makers and policy makers. It’s all about using technology to bring everyone together. And the website as a first port of call will be hugely fantastic for people to to look and find amazing stories as well as statistics and things that can help them learn.

[00:09:30] Edie Lush: So learning is part of the process. We on the Global GoalsCast also talk about actions you can take. There’s this great unicef campaign that says that likes don’t save lives, so just by liking something isn’t going to do anything, but I know that you guys can give us some actions on what people can do.

[00:09:49] HRH Eugenie: Yes. Some of the things that Jules and I talked about regularly is asking the question, and this is something salvation army have done wonderful work with, with a campaign which I helped them with, but it’s about asking the question and being aware. It’s about downloading some apps that you can get. There’s a, there’s an app called not my style and also good on you and that teaches about ethically sourced fashion labels and what you can see where they’ve come from supply chains, um, and just jump in because you’ve got a really good one.

[00:10:21] Jules: The United Nations violence against women campaign are also developing something called the orange label whereby luxury fashion brands are rewarded this orange label that they can incorporate into their logo as a sort of seal of approval to show that they are ethically sourced. Supply chains is a big one for businesses and the consumer, the consumer has the responsibility to put pressure on big businesses because that’s who they’re gonna listen to and big businesses owe it to their consumer to be conscientious and accountable for their supply chains.

[00:10:53] HRH Eugenie: Yeah, and I think also following on from that, it’s about when you look at your nail salon or your car wash or a, when you go across overseas in, you find that tomatoes are really cheap there and more expensive there. It’s about asking the question as to why that is and being aware of, of of that just changes your whole perspective on what actually is going on in the situation. It’s not just about sexual exploitation, it’s about domestic servitude, workforce labor and all the many kinds of modern day slavery that aren’t in the open.

[00:11:27] Edie Lush:So my producer, producers just asked a fantastic question, which is what’s at the root of this idea of modern slavery?

[00:11:34] Jules: Well, essentially it’s, it’s organized crime, you know, it’s run by rings and gangs all over the world and it’s incredibly profitable. Uh, so, so one organization we’ve worked with ’em, they go about tackling the source, so they go the very, very top levels and infiltrate these nasty gangs because if they believe that if you can stop it at the top, it’ll stop the kind of, the filtering down process,

[00:12:02] HRH Eugenie: It is also supply and demand

[00:12:02] Jules: It’s a business

[00:12:04]Edie Lush: So the Sustainable Development Goals, which of course we talk about on this podcast, Sustainable Development Goal eight is about promoting sustainable economic growth. Decent work for all. Part of this is ending slavery by 2030, which seems quite soon. In fact. What would you like? Yeah, what would you like to see from businesses? How can they get involved?

[00:12:28]HRH Eugenie: They can get involved with Antislavery Collective, we’d love to, we’d love to have lots of businesses involved. Um, supply chains is a really obvious one.

[00:12:37] Jules: We’re seeing a lot of forced labor in cleaning companies at the moment. So for example, a big hotel chain might outsource the cleaning function to a third party without maybe checking the viability or permits that their workers and that kind of falls under this sort of domestic servitude bracket as well. But supply chains go on and on and there’s so many layers. And so it’s just about being as thorough as possible. And the way that the modern slavery bill has been set up is not to kind of prosecute and pointing the finger, but to help businesses discover if there’s, um, modern slavery in their supply chain that’s in the UK. Yeah. People are rewarded for coming forward and saying, oh actually this is what we’ve found. Not, not prosecuted it, it’s, it’s about collaborating and working together.

[00:13:33]HRH Eugenie: There’s a fantastic book called Half the sky, which Jules and I just read and it’s remarkable and it’s called Half the Sky because Chinese proverb says, women hold up half the sky and how can a world ever survive or exist when half of its population is not being treated justly and you know, women and girls, but you know, especially trafficked. What’s going on with human trafficking and how many it’s happening to is it’s really something that we’ve all got to open our eyes to work together towards, focus on, you know, we cannot say we did not know. Quoting Wilberforce, he really is a hero for us because we can’t turn a blind eye to it. It’s something in society. It’s something that all societies sort of exacerbates because it’s sometimes a huge subjects and you don’t want to broach it. You get overwhelmed, but it’s about all of us working together and as Jules said, it’s not about pointing the finger, it’s about all of us aligning and knowing that this is right and that we can fix this and that this is something that can be eradicated by 2030. I would love that to happen.

[00:14:46] Jules: I think. I think everyone, businesses, individuals, we have to take an element of responsibility, you know. I don’t want to speak to my child in however many years time, my unborn child and have to say, Oh God, yes, slavery existed in my lifetime and I started my hands and I didn’t do anything about it.

[00:15:04] Edie Lush: When I was preparing for this yesterday. In fact, I was looking at the facts and came up with this fact about these 5,000 reported cases last year in the UK and my 10 year old came up and she went, well in the UK, that’s here. I mean, it is extraordinary.

[00:15:21]HRH Eugenie: It is. And something I. I’d just like to tell all the listeners is, don’t be overwhelmed by it. It is, you know, so many people in this field who are working, who have been working at and continue to work in this field. They even say it’s me, oh sometimes I get frustrated and disheartened, but it doesn’t mean they’ll give up and I think that’s something all your listeners should know is that if you could save one person’s life or if you can help one person or whatever it is or support one charity, then you’re doing something incredible and you’re really changing the world.

[00:15:57] Edie Lush: Thank you guys very much for joining me here on the Global GoalsCast and I’m Edie Lush.

[00:16:02] HRH Eugenie:Thank you so much, Edie, for, for having us here today. It’s um, it’s a huge honor to be able to talk to you about the Antislavery Collective and more from us soon

[00:16:11] Jules: And if anyone wants to imagine where we all were in a very dark black room, but the big round thing in front of offices, but we’re all smiling.

[00:16:21] New Speaker: This podcast is powered by CBS news digital.

Have we made progress on the SDGs?

“The clock is ticking, but the transformation toward resilient and sustainable societies is not only still possible—it is an absolute imperative.” – Amina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations

On this episode of Global GoalsCast, the UN Foundation is taking over to discuss how countries are measuring their SDG progress. From a rural health clinic in Uganda to the bustling streets of New York City, hear how policymakers, entrepreneurs and individuals in 193 countries are joining forces to tackle climate change, eradicate poverty and, ultimately, save the planet.General, Amina Mohammed said ‘we can do this and we have to do this.’

Featured guests

Rajesh Mirchandani

Rajesh Mirchandani is a global communications leader and former British television journalist. Currently, Rajesh is the Chief Communications Officer for the UN Foundation.  Previously, he spent more than two decades reporting from around the world as a BBC correspondent and news anchor, covering international events from Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines to the Academy Awards in Hollywood, Calif. His award-winning reporting has been broadcast on the BBC World Service and BBC World News. 

Minh-Thu Pham

Minh-Thu Pham is Executive Director for Policy at the United Nations Foundation, where she develops and leads strategic initiatives to strengthen the UN’s ability to solve global problems and brings together governments, civil society and thought leaders to help reach global agreements. Over the last four years, she has led UNF’s effort to support the creation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). She recently taught international policymaking at Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School and has over 15 years of experience in foreign policy, international diplomacy, and fieldwork.

H.E. Hala Helmy El-Saeed

H.E. Hala Helmy El-Saeed is the minister of planning and administrative reform for the Ara Republic of Egypt.Dr. Hala El-Said worked as Executive Director of the EBI, Central Bank of Egypt, during the period January 2003 – August 2011. She worked also as Professor of Economics at Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University since September 2004. El-Said is considered as women’s banking figures. She led the Egyptian Banking Institute (EBI), which is the training arm of the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) for a period of eight years, during which EBI has the international accreditation «2006-2008» .

Pearnel Charles Jr.

Pearnel P. Charles Jr. serves the people of Jamaica as Senator and Minister of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade. He previously served as the Minister of State in the Ministry of National Security. Mr. Charles had specific responsibility for the Department of Correctional Services, the Jamaica Combined Cadet Force and other projects within the national security portfolio.  He served as the Jamaica Labour Party Deputy Spokesperson for National Security in 2014, advocating for progressive policies to effect sustainable reduction in crime and violence as well as the introduction of innovative technology to support and advance the efforts of the security forces.  Senator Charles is an Attorney-at-Law with qualification to practice law in Jamaica and the United States of America (New York Bar).

H.E Nayef Hmeidi Al Fayez

H.E Nayef Hmeidi Al Fayez has occupied the posts of Minister of Tourism and Antiques and Minister of Environment in Jordan for several times.  In 1993, Al Fayez Joined the Royal Hashemite Court served closely to H.M. King Abdullah II and Queen Rania. Al Fayez served as Head of Protocol for Her Majesty before starting to work in several advanced positions within the Jordanian Government in 2006 focusing on development of tourism in Jordan and heading several leading companies and entities such as Jordan Tourism Board, Royal National Co. for Tourism Development, Royal Academy of Culinary Arts – Les Roches and Jordan Heritage Revival Company. H.E. appointed as a Chairman of the National Microfinance Bank in February 2017 and elected for the position of Chairman of The Jordanian Microfinance National Network and He is a member of the higher steering committee of Arab Gulf Programme for Development (AGFUND). 

John McArthur

John W. McArthur is a senior fellow in the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution. He is also a senior adviser to the UN Foundation and a board governor for the International Development Research Centre.  He was previously the chief executive officer of Millennium Promise, the international nongovernmental organization. He has also been a senior fellow with the Hong Kong-based Fung Global Institute, a faculty member at Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs, and policy director at the University’s Earth Institute.

Alexandra Hiniker

Alexandra Hiniker is Strategic Relationships Manager for the Mayor’s Office of International Affairs, where she is responsible for highlighting the connections between global and local sustainability through the Global Vision | Urban Action portfolio. Before joining the Mayor’s Office, Alexandra was the PAX Representative to the United Nations, focusing on the protection of civilians in Syria, Iraq, and South Sudan. Previously, she worked on humanitarian disarmament in some of the world’s most bombed and mined countries, first with the United Nations in Cambodia, and then with the Cluster Munition Coalition in Laos, followed by Lebanon. She began her international development career implementing pandemic preparedness projects in Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe.

Helen Medina

Helen Medina joined Nestlé in February 2017 and was appointed the role of Senior Public Affairs Manager, Government and Multilateral Relations. She is responsible for building internal government and multilateral organisation relationships and engagement plans coordinating across functions, markets and globally managed businesses. She is also responsible for the implementation and communication of partnerships. Helen joined Nestlé from the US Council for International Business where she led work on, food and agriculture, health care, product policy and intellectual property. 

Justin Perrettson

Justin Perrettson is Head of Global Engagements (Corporate Sustainability & Public Affairs) for Novozymes, the world`s leading bio innovation company. Active across a number of areas that address the interface between business and public policy, Justin works on a number of issues related to Sustainability, Climate and the Environment, including the development of innovative Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) approaches. He has been at the forefront of Novozymes’ strategic engagement with the Sustainable Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda since 2012.

Gerbrand Haverkamp

Gerbrand Haverkamp is the founder and Executive Director of Index Initiative. Index Initiative one of the founding partners and drivers behind the World Benchmarking Alliance (WBA). The WBA intents to fund, house and safeguard publicly available corporate SDG performance benchmarks. Free corporate benchmarks aligned with the SDGs will help companies, investors and others drive change by raising awareness and promoting a corporate race to the top. Before starting Index Initiative Gerbrand worked for the Dutch Government in the areas of inclusive business, sustainable agricultural supply chains and food security.

Govind Pandey

Govind Pandey is the Chief Executive Offive of TBWA\Group India.  With over 20 years in the industry, Govind has led the TBWA\Group India operation over the last 12 months, deepening the agency’s capabilities and talent, which has resulted in interesting new business wins and award-winning creative for our clients.  Pandey’s rich advertising career, spanning over two decades, has seen him hold senior positions in some of the world’s most respected agency networks. Prior to joining TBWA\India, Pandey was chief operating officer of McCann Worldgroup, India, a network he worked at for 14 years. He has also worked with Ogilvy & Mather, and Lintas, in India.

Xeenarh Mohammed

Xeenarh Mohammed as the Executive Director of Nigerian LGBT rights group The Initiative for Equal Rights. Xeenarh is a lawyer, activist, community organiser and holistic security trainer with over a decade of experience working on human rights issues across sectors within and outside Nigeria. Xeenarh has in the last few years worked with organisation such as Open Technology Fund, Love Nigeria Foundation, Heinrich Boll Stiftung and freelanced for many other organisations on issues relating to human rights, gender and social development. Xeenarh is skilled in digital security and sexual rights, specifically LGBT rights and network of partners working on similar issues across the world. She will be ensuring our commitment to providing a safe space, ensuring a healthier community, legal protection, and changing narratives remains a key focus.

Alexandria Lafci

Alexandria Lafci is the Head of Operations and Co-Founder of New Story – an innovative nonprofit that transforms slums into sustainable communities around the world. Alexandria has a decade of work, academic, and volunteer experience in domestic and international development. She taught in inner city D.C., led financial capacity building efforts in rural Central America, and briefed African heads of state on poverty alleviation through land reform, and was recently named to the 2016 Forbes 30 Under 30 list.

Michelle Yeoh

Michelle Yeoh Choo-Kheng is a Malaysian actress who achieved fame in the early 1990s, after starring in a series of popular Hong Kong action films in which she performed her own stunts. Born in Ipoh, Malaysia, she is known internationally for starring in the 1997 James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies, and the Chinese-language martial arts film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, for which she was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in 2000.

Driven from their Homes, the Displaced bring Hope and Opportunity

“The key to the narrative is to re humanize the population and to give them their faces and their stories back and I think it’s really important that we’re able to do that now.” – David Miliband

In the developed world, refugees are often viewed as a menace or a burden. That is just one of the myths busted in this episode of the Global Goalscast. For one thing, nine out of ten refugees don’t come to the developed world. They flee from one poor country to another. For another, in many of those countries, innovative thinking has turned refugees into an opportunity to develop the economy and make life better for both newcomers and their hosts. Uganda gives out land to refugees. Kakuma Camp in Kenya creates business and agriculture zones where hosts and refugees can work together. Edie Lush and Claudia Romo Edelman talk to the International Rescue Committee, UNHCR, Western Union and others about this urgent topic. Urgent because in the years to come the number of displaced persons will climb as climate change adds to the disruption.

Above Image: UNHCR staff and partners in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, relocate a group of Rohingya refugees from areas in the Kutupalong settlement at risk of landslides and floods to safer shelters in the Camp 4 Extension site.

Featured guests

Mary Nyiriak Maker

Mary Nyiriak Maker is a firm believer in the power of education as a transformative tool for peace building and rebuilding lives. She found normalcy and hope through education after fleeing South Sudan’s conflict.

Apurva Sanghi

Dr. Apurva Sanghi is the World Bank’s former lead economist for four countries in Africa. He spearheaded a ground breaking study “Yes” in My Backyard? : The Economics of Refugees and Their Social Dynamics in Kakuma, Kenya”. This study has also been instrumental in the planning and implementing of the new Kalobeyei settlement.

David Miliband

David Miliband is President and CEO of the International Rescue Committee (IRC), where he oversees the agency’s humanitarian relief operations in more than 40 war-affected countries and its refugee resettlement and assistance programs in 28 United States cities.  From 2007 to 2010, Miliband was the 74th Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the United Kingdom, driving advancements in human rights and representing the U.K. throughout the world. In 2006, as Secretary of State for the Environment, he pioneered the world’s first legally binding emissions reduction requirements. He was Member of Parliament for South Shields from 2001 to 2013. Miliband graduated from Oxford University in 1987 with a first class honors degree in philosophy, politics and economics, and received a master’s degree in political science in 1989 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which he attended as a Kennedy Scholar.

Melissa Fleming

Melissa Fleming is Head of Communications and Chief Spokesperson for UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and recently served as Senior Advisor of the UN Secretary General. She travels to war zones and refugee camps to give voice and build support to the millions of people forcibly displaced worldwide. She leads global media outreach and campaigns to generate news coverage, and operates a multimedia service to distribute refugee stories. She is a frequent interview guest on international media platforms and a leader in social media engagement. Her talks are featured on TED.com. She is the author of the book, A Hope More Powerful than the Sea.

Hikmet Ersek

Hikmet Ersek is President, Chief Executive Officer and Director of The Western Union Company, a Fortune 500 global leader in digital and retail cross-border money transfer and payments services. With more than 30 years of executive experience in financial services, Ersek joined Western Union in 1999 and became CEO in 2010. Under his leadership, Western Union has successfully diversified and evolved its business to become a global payments company.  Ersek began his career in financial services in Europe when he joined Europay/MasterCard in Austria in 1986. A decade later, he joined General Electric (GE) Capital, where he also represented the GE Corporation as the National Executive in Austria and Slovenia. He speaks English, German and Turkish fluently, and enjoyed a short career as a professional basketball player in Europe prior to his private sector experience. Ersek holds a Master’s (Magister) degree in Economics and Business Administration from the Wirtschaftsuniversität (University of Economics) in Vienna, Austria.

Elizabeth Roscoe

Elizabeth Roscoe is Executive Director of the Western Union Foundation. Roscoe joined Western Union in 2013 and most recently served as the head of Global Product Marketing, Brand and Communications for Western Union Business Solutions where she was responsible for leading the Global Product Marketing and Brand teams to develop marketing programs that create demand for products and services including WU® EDGE, and Western Union Business Solution’s Education and NGO platforms. Roscoe has 20 years of marketing experience that spans financial services and consumer goods. Prior to joining Western Union, Elizabeth held a range of marketing roles at American Express, PepsiCo, Sainsbury’s, Campbell’s Soup Company and Nestle.

Ravi Gurumurthy

Ravi Gurumurthy is the Chief Innovation Officer and head of the Airbel Center at the International Rescue Committee.  Prior to joining the IRC as Vice-President of Strategy and Innovation in 2013, Ravi spent 15 years in the U.K. Government, holding a number of senior roles in social, environmental and foreign policy. From 2007 to 2010 he was the Strategic Advisor and Speech Writer to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, David Miliband.  From 2010 to 2013, Ravi was the Director of Strategy and head of the Office of Climate Change at the Department of Energy and Climate Change.  Ravi began his career at the UK think-tank, Demos.

Grant Gordon

Grant Gordon is a policymaker and political scientist who specializes in humanitarian intervention. He’s the Director of Innovation Strategy of the Airbel Center at the IRC and has worked on humanitarian and development policy for the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations, the UN Office of Humanitarian Coordination, the UN Refugee Agency, as well as the Rwandan Government, Open Society Justice Initiative and other organizations. Grant works on the some of the world’s worst problems and conflicts, and tries to figure out which interventions will help. He’s embedded with the Congolese military to try to understand why soldiers attack citizens, he’s analyzed the use satellites to monitor and deter genocidal violence in Darfur, and he’s studied the ways in which peacekeepers can win hearts and minds with local communities in Haiti.

Additional Resources

Want to listen more to of the TEDx Kakuma Camp? 

CLICK HERE

Read more about Global Trends in Forced Displacement from the UNHCR

CLICK HERE

Transcript 

Mary Maker: [00:00:01] Now I want you all to be very quiet just for a moment. Did you hear that the sound of silence. No gunshots. This was my first memory. 

Apurva Sanghi: [00:00:25] Most people don’t know that nearly nine out of ten refugees are hosted not by richer countries but by poorer ones.

David Miliband: [00:00:34] And the truth is that what is rampant is not the measured care for fact based arguments about refugees and displaced people. What is rampant is mythology about that says refugee is another codeword for terrorist. 

Claudia: [00:00:54] This is the Global GoalsCast. 

Edie: [00:00:56] The Podcast that asks if we can change the world. 

Claudia: [00:01:00] On this episode we’re going to be talking about refugees, innovation and opportunities related to them. 

Edie: [00:01:06] We’re going to be busting myths about refugees by visiting a camp that shows how refugees can be an economic boon rather than a burden. 

Claudia: [00:01:15] And we will be talking about refugees as opportunities, how they contribute to the communities that they have moved into… 

Edie: [00:01:20] How They can be a source of development and growth… 

Claudia: [00:01:23] And How refugees are human just like the rest of us. And every one of us can be a refugee. 

Edie: [00:01:30] I’m Edie Lush, here with Claudia Romo Edelman here in London. And we’re going to be back after this. 

CREDITS: [00:01:39] Thanks to HARMAN. The official sound of Global GoalsCast. 

Edie: [00:01:47] Welcome back. So the world as you know has a very big challenge of displaced persons, the world’s largest refugee crisis. But we are not here today to depress you. Instead we want to capture the scale of the challenge, share some positive things that are working and describe some potential solutions for tackling this crisis as it’s an issue that will only continue to grow. 

Claudia: [00:02:08] That is right. For one thing the narrative is often inaccurate. Many refugees have actually improved life in the places that take them in. If that’s a process you are even if it doesn’t just keep listening to help us understand their refugee situation. I spoke to one of the world’s experts on the topic, David Miliband who’s the head of the International Rescue Committee which was created to resettle the millions of people driven from their homes by World War Two. But Miliband and the IRC have a new challenge now. 

David Miliband: [00:02:43] Let’s start with the context which is that there are more refugees and displaced people than at any time since the Second World War. That’s why I think it’s right to talk about displacement crisis. 25 million refugees and 40 million internally displaced. These are people who are fleeing from war and conflict and persecution. They’re not economic migrants moving from one place to another in search of a better life. They are people fleeing for their lives so that that is the community that we are talking about. Today, the average displacement is decades and that means that we’re talking about a multigenerational displacement that is increasingly in urban areas not in refugee camps where there are new opportunities for people to participate in the market economy as well as in the wider society. And it’s imperative if someone is displaced for 10 20 years it’s imperative on that timespan to work not just to help people survive by giving them sufficient food or water or healthcare but actually give them the chance to thrive. The truth is that what is rampant is not the measure to care for fact-based arguments about refugees and displaced people. What is rampant is mythology about that says refugee is another code word for terrorists that says the reason there is unemployment is because there are too many migrants. Theres a set of catch phrases that aren’t based on reality but are nonetheless far more powerful than the effort that we’re making. The key to the narrative is to rehumanize that population and to give them their faces and their stories back. And I think it’s really important that we’re able to do that. 

Edie: [00:04:29] Remember there’s a difference in international law between refugees and migrants. 

David Miliband: [00:04:34] It’s not that one is good and the other is bad is that they’re different and there are different legal and moral responsibilities attending to states and to citizens when it comes to people who are bombed from their houses as it does to people who are choosing to leave their houses. And my own view is that countries will always insist that they have to keep their immigration policies as a matter of national jurisdiction. I think it is possible to argue that when it comes to refugees there are international obligations and that is an argument that still has to be prosecuted. There are still 50 or so countries that haven’t signed the Refugee Convention and some important countries. And I think that it’s going to be really important that we don’t lose the integrity of that commitment. 

Edie: [00:05:33] David Miliband says we need new ways to handle displaced persons. So the Global Goals cast went out looking for them and we found an incredible example in Kenya. 

Claudia: [00:05:43] Not far from the Rift Valley the birthplace of humanity. Economist Apruva Sanghi explained why the success of this Kakuma Camp is so important. 

Apruva Sanghi: [00:05:55] Most people don’t know that nearly nine out of 10 refugees are hosted by richer countries but they can do it with almost half a million refugees. It is countries like Kenya that have become the shock absorbers for people fleeing their homes from conflict. 

Edie: [00:06:17] Built in 1992 Kakuma is home to more than one hundred eighty five thousand people who have fled conflict and disaster from South Sudan Somalia, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo and it’s located in the northwest corner of Kenya the border with South Sudan Ethiopia and Uganda. 

Claudia: [00:06:37] In the developed world, Refugees are often portrayed as a burden and as a threat. But Kakuma has become a thriving marketplace benefiting the refugees and their Kenyan host. There are more than 2000 businesses in operation. The refugees trading with local community host by everything from food and cosmetics to mobile phones. The area generates more than 56 million dollars in business and approximately 69 percent of the camp’s residents also had access to mobile services and the Internet. 

Edie: [00:07:10] That’s right. I spoke with Melissa Fleming the head of communications and chief spokesperson for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees about Kakuma. 

Melissa Fleming: [00:07:19] There is a section of the camp called the Calu Bay and this is a new tape. We don’t even call it a camp anymore. We call it a refugee settlement and it’s a settlement because it includes the host community. It includes an agricultural zone where refugees and the local community can grow their own food. It includes an economic zone where refugees and the host community can start businesses. It has health clinics and schools where both the host community and the refugees can have access. So it is an integrated approach where self-reliance is fostered and an investment in that community where there was nothing before is taking place. 

Edie: [00:08:10] So Melissa told me about an event that Kakuma hosted recently. They have the first TEDx in a refugee camp. 

Claudia: [00:08:18] And Kakuma is such an extraordinary place. I’ve been in Kenya a number of times in other refugee camps like Nadab where they are used to be there for 30 years and only receive they cannot afford, they can’t produce, they only get. Kakuma seems to be thriving and giving to their host communities. We have a voice from the refugee camp. This is Mary Maker who spoke at the Kakuma TEDx event. 

Mary Maker: [00:08:46] Gun shots were the audio of the day my community was constantly under attack. Planes would drop these spinning and terrifying bombs That chopped off people’s limbs. The most terrifying thing ever single parents was to see their children being abducted and turned into child soldiers. My mother dug a trench that soon became a home but yet we did not feel protected. She had to flee search of a safe place when I was 4 years and my younger sister was two. We joined a huge mass of people and together we walked for many agonizing days in search of a secure place. But you will barely rest before we were attacked again. We finally made it across the Kenyan border. Yes that was the longest journey that I have ever had in my whole life. My feet were raw with blisters. To Our surprise we found other family members that had fled into the camp early on. Now I want you all to be very quiet just for a moment. Did you hear that. The Sound of Silence. No gunshots. Peace at last. That was my first memory of this camp. 

Claudia: [00:10:34] This could be me and it could be you. 

Edie: [00:10:38] Yeah and this is where we really bust up the narratives here in the developed world. We are used to hearing these tales of escape being the end of the story. The miracle is that that sound of silence from Mary Maker and the other refugees in Kakuma the miracle is what happened next. They become productive members of their new society in Kenya. 

Claudia: [00:10:59] The truth is that most refugees are not living in Western countries like Germany or the U.S. Eighty five percent of refugees live in developing countries. 

Edie: [00:11:07] So guess who host the most refugees? Turkey Uganda Pakistan Lebanon Iran and Jordan. 

Claudia: [00:11:15] Jordan, absolutely. 

Edie: [00:11:17] And to make that work. We need more and more as places where communities are refugees and communities are people who take the men are both better off than before the refugees arrive. 

Claudia: [00:11:28] Everyone around Kakuma does better. Economy better, refugees better Here is economist Apurva Sanghi again and by the way Dracona the county where Kakuma is located. 

Apruva Sanghi: [00:11:42] Because of refugees Draconas economic output, which is the total value of all goods and services produced in Dracona county, has increased permanently three and a half percent. So if you’re a Dracona resident making say 100 Kenyan shillings by selling food such as ugali Kenyan maize before refugees arrive. Since their arrival net of inflation you will now be making over a hundred and three shillings, Year after year. Not only that refugee presence has also added jobs to the economy. So for every hundred jobs previously available there are now a hundred three jobs, year after year. Now I know what some of you are thinking you are thinking hm Apruva these 3 percent increases are not exactly shall we say killer statistics. I’d agree but perceptions aside we also wanted hard data. So we compared various measures of physical well-being of Dracona residents. One good measure is SSF, sum of skin folds. SSF measures body fat content which in impoverished settings such as these is a positive indicator of a person’s physical well-being. And we found that Dracona residents who lived closer to the camp had higher SSF numbers and this is true for both men and women. So refugee presence has grown the economy, added jobs, And has increased well beings for all Dracona residents. For sure not everybody benefits but the average is more than gloom. 

Claudia: [00:13:38] Skinfolds? What A way to measure success. 

Edie: [00:13:40] I know rather than being a humanitarian challenge, refugees can be a development opportunity. Melisa Fleming explains more. 

Melissa Fleming: [00:13:48] The secretary general visited Bangladesh together with the president of the world bank Jim Kim with the high commissioner for refugees and committed to developing that very poor region of Bangladesh that is taken in one million Rohingya refugees so that their hospitals their school systems their roads are also improved and that there is for the host community that has been willing and been so compassionate that they’re going to get some value out of being such good people. 

Edie: [00:14:26] So measuring skin folds is one type of innovation. Here’s another. 

Melissa Fleming: [00:14:30] Uganda’s one really good example of enlightened policies that say coupled with innovation. It used to be that the response to a large number of refugees coming into countries was OK. The government would say we will keep our borders open we’ll provide safety but you have to live in a camp and you’re not allowed to work and you’re not allowed to go anywhere outside of the camp. This has changed. Uganda for example offers every refugee who comes into their country A piece of land and on that land they can grow their own food. They are also allowed to move throughout the country to start a business if they want. And we’ve seen huge benefits to the refugees. First of all they’re self more self-reliant than they would be before. And also they’re able to contribute to the economy in some way. 

Edie: [00:15:23] So this different attitude towards refugees being allowed to work is in itself an innovation. 

Claudia: [00:15:29] In Uganda as well, there is some example of Belgium changing the way they give bilateral help to the country by using a third party company telecoms to give credit to women giving birth and registering their babies. That is an incentive. We said that one of our goals was to change the narrative about refugees. 

Edie: [00:15:50] That’s right. One of the most contested stories in this area is the role of the private sector plays sending money backwards and forwards between refugees and migrants in their home countries and that contested story that contested role that Western Union and other companies in the private sector play. 

Claudia: [00:16:07] But I have a different take. So I went to talk to the CEO of Western Union Hikmet Ersek who is a migrant himself. 

Hikmet Ersek: [00:16:14] Some of my employees say that when I get out of the plane in Istanbul I walk like a Turk. When I got out of a plane in theU.S. I walk like an American or talk like an American. In Austria Talk Like A Austrian. So this challenge in the past, Claudia, made me actually an advantage now to communicate with people from different race different religions different backgrounds very easy. People feel that what they tell me that I am the same like them. 

Claudia: [00:16:46] What is western union not only a commitment but also work with refugees? 

Hikmet Ersek: [00:16:50] As a global company we take global responsibility. The refugee crisis is a global issue and try to build bridges as we’ve seen in building walls. Building bridges means that the road will be in a better position by building bridges. Good things happen. People move jobs got created Money Moves. By building walls, allthings stop. You don’t want that. I think as Western Union, a global company take a stand on that. Don’t forget refugees are people like you and me. I can tell you a story as the Syrian refugee crisis started, we exactly knew that where they come from and where are they going to be next going. Because we were following them. It was sent money from Turkey to Syria to them from Greece to Turkey or from Serbia to Turkey to the loved ones or from Sweden to Turkey or to Syria to support their loved ones. And you could imagine we could track them how much they say. 

Claudia: [00:17:50] And you were the first one to start actually paying attention to that moment. You were predicting through tracing the movement that there was something cooking and you were able to negotiate on behalf of these people to say how can we do something so that they can get money and access money and transfer the money so that they can survive. 

[00:18:08] It was more a support thing we didnt want to make huge money out of that we just went to cover our costs and be paid special fees for refugees to send money to Syria or to send money to refugees. We gave specialI.D. restrictions for refugees. We talked to theU.N., we talked to our money laundering regulator. And I have to say that it was unbelievable, the stories behind that supporting the families was really good. And the good thing is that today’s refugees who use that on that day is where they were challenged are becoming customers. 

Claudia: [00:18:44] I know how committed you are to changing the life of other people because you’re one of them. I want to I want to ask from that amount of money that is exchange every year from the 300 billion to the 600 billion in general. There’s a report that says that 32 billion dollars of those are lost in your high fees and high commissions and. Tell me tell me what is the issue. 

Hikmet Ersek: [00:19:13] The issue is definitely something brought up but we always show that it’s not the case we operate in 200 countries. We operate we call it Corridor sending money from one country to another country from Germany to Russia from Germany to Egypt from US to India or fromU.S. to Mexico. If you calculate that there are 30 to 221 to 40000 corridor’s for every corridor every destination has different needs different prices different consumer behavior. So there is no one rule that every transaction seem. In average are transactions are 300 dollars dependent on various said you will send money to India, Maybe the charges are a lot less but you will send money to Pyramus but the charges are higher because we have low access there. Maybe it costs us more in special circumstances. We do that as I said earlier we are a very mission driven brand. Like when Hurricane Maria happened in Puerto Rico immediately we bring the prices down to 0 fee or a flood in Bangladesh or a refugee crisis in Syria immediately bring the prices down to zero fees and we don’t make money in that corridor for a certain time. 

Claudia: [00:20:37] So it was important for us to present the perspective from the company’s side. We also asked the head of the Western Union Foundation Elizabeth Roscoe ‘what was Western Union doing?’. 

Elizabeth Ruscoe: [00:20:49] We created a global campaign called ‘I Am More’ to really help individuals understand that refugees are so much more than the circumstances that define them. They are not just people with their doctors their teachers their mothers. People here have lives too. 

Edie: [00:21:05] Along their journey Western Union came across that actor Forest Whitaker known to me first for playing Idi Amin. Hes also very involved with helping refugees. 

Elizabeth Ruscoe [00:21:18] While employing the fantastic lady called Judy who was really engaged in the work that we’re doing with Forest Whitaker’s organization. Basically she runs our loyalty ppoints program which gives consumers the opportunity to use those points not for a service or something for themselves, but to donate to charity and to partake in charity. And we have an incredible response consumers only 2 years ago. This year we took that one step further and we actually enables consumers to crowd fund their points the loyalty points and to donate them to help an individual child to go to school in the and on the settlement and Uganda working with Forrest Whitaker. It costs about 150 dollars a year to go to secondary school which means very very few children get the opportunity to secondary school. So our goal is to try and see if we could fund maybe 50 kids to school. In 24 days, consumers had funded 100 children to go to school and thats only going to continue. 

Claudia: [00:22:25] We’re talking to you about refugees because you have to face it, this it is going to continue growing. 

Edie: [00:22:32] Exactly. 

Claudia: [00:22:33] Climate change is exacerbating the issue. 

Edie: [00:22:35] And the estimate of the people who will be migrating due to climate change, it ranges from 25 million people to a billion people moving around by 2050. Now these include people moving from within their own country and across borders. If you just think about glaciers melting sea level rising unpredictable weather patterns crop failures the salinization of freshwater and flooding of coastal cities it doesn’t respect borders it happens indiscriminately. 

Claudia: [00:23:07] In 2016 over 24 million people were newly displaced by sudden onset climate related hazards. 

Edie: [00:23:16] In 2016 the 10 largest displacement events that’s people being moved around were related to climate. 

Claudia: [00:23:24] From those 24 million people that are not only happening in developing countries. Countries with low displacement associated with disasters are China Philippines India Indonesia but also the United States with one more more than one million one hundred thousand people. Cuba Japan Myanmar Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. 

Edie: [00:23:45] So now to join us to wrap this up are Ravi GarMurthy and Grant Gordon. They’re the co host of another podcast called ‘Displaced’ made by Vox Media together with the IRC. So we focus on this episode on new approaches to refugees because this challenge is getting bigger much bigger. Over the next 30 years,Climate change will displace tens of millions maybe even hundreds of millions of people. So resettling displaced people will become essential on a scale that we’ve never dealt with before. And the big idea is to change the narrative so we’d see refugees as contributors. Human beings who can help the communities that take them in. We’ve looked at this in Uganda and Kenya but I know that you guys have done some work on this in Jordan. Can you tell me about that? 

Grant / Ravi: [00:24:28] Yes typically if you think about what the refugee journey looks like, when they flee over a border they are often denied the right to work the rights to send their kids to education. And that’s done because those countries often want to deter new refugees coming over the border. Unfortunately that obviously denies them the right to provide for their family. That also denies them the opportunity to contribute and be a benefit to local communities. And what was interesting about the refugee compact that was developed in Jordan was it tried to change that and make refugees more of a win-win benefit both for local communities and for themselves. So the international community the World Bank major donors agreed a compact with the Jordanian governments that enabled them to benefit from concessional finance from the World Bank and from lower trade barriers into the European Union. If they increase the level of employment of refugees and while the actual combat hasn’t been as successful as it might have been because the incentives were probably not strong enough I think it does show the right way of dealing with refugees and providing the kind of support incentives for host countries. 

[00:25:38] The crucial insight here is that this moment demands a rethink of the policy and formed the programs that allow us to really reshape the debate from one in which we see refugees that come in one in which we we’re used to seeing them as investments. And these are going to be the tools that innovation that allows pierced through the politics of the moment. 

Claudia: [00:25:59] And that is the purpose of this episode we want to make sure that we move the conversation from a political one to an innovation and opportunities one so that we can get even more private sector involved more partnerships. I love What you guys did with Sesame Street for example. 

Grant / Ravi: [00:26:15] Yeah I mean that’s an incredible partnership that was thanks to the MacArthur Foundation. We’ve been giving 100 million dollars to work with sesame on a program that will provide refugees in Jordan Syria Iraq and Lebanon with a combination of some Sesame Street for Syrian children but also home visits for parents to help them parent better and preschool services. And the really interesting thing about it is that it shows the potential of mass media to combine with face to face services obviously providing preschool services is challenging critically inside Syria when it’s very dangerous or it can be quite costly to do that. But if you can combine that with digital offerings on mobile phones and to TV you can start to create really really cost effective programs that can access refugees. 

Claudia: [00:27:06] We’re excited about the opportunities and one opportunity like a lot is a global compact for refugees that is going to be signed in September and ideally puts a framework to the discussion about refugees so that everybody seems sings from the same songship. 

[00:27:23] I think a crucial question for Compact and framework as well as all of the work that’s being done right now is whether it provides the type of clarity a commitment to actually move the dial. And so you know over the past few months there have been multiple drafts of this coming out. I think there is a hope for this contact but also a desire for it to be much stronger on identified objectives much stronger on how we’re actually going to measure that objective. And at the core of it a real sense of what it actually means to share responsibility between nations? What did it mean for how many refugees countries should absorb? What does it mean for How much money countries should be providing into the international system? These are the nitty gritty the question that to really make a change at this moment we’re going to have to answer. 

Claudia: [00:28:18] And I love the fact that it is almost like playing basketball for the last 50 years without really having a clear global set of rules of what’s in what’s out. What goes into it you know like what. How do we play together. I love the fact that we’re very close. 

Edie: [00:28:33] One of the things we do on this podcast is give our listeners actions that they can go out and take. So I wonder what actions you guys have for people who are interested in this idea of refugees and innovations. How can people get involved. 

[00:28:47] I think first and foremost Yeah I just want to say that voting matters. The elected officials that we put into office really shape the policies that affect refugees lives an effective moment in getting engaged politically is absolutely crucial. I think it’s also important if you’ve got even more time and energy to get involved and help support refugees in most of the countries that we see there are refugees migrants asyum seekers. Because of that you can support and help integrate into your communities in the United States where the IRC resettles refugees you can reach out and volunteer and engage with refugees to help them integrate and support them in their transition. There’s a lot of innovation happening in the sector right now and that’s absolutely crucial. And there’s a number of prizes hackathons, ideas boards where anybody whatever they’re thinking can kind of come and contribute their thoughts on how to address this moment. It’s a great way to plug it intellectually. 

[00:29:54] One of the things that I’ve been doing. 

Creativity for Good

“Well, the fundamentals are that we believe creativity drives awareness in a far stronger way than any other approach you can use.” – Terry Savage, Chairman of the Cannes Lions

The Sustainable Development Goals have excited the creative industry – fierce rivals in marketing and communications have found common ground to tackle the world’s biggest challenges.  Because of the broad range of issues and necessary advancements touched upon by these 17 Global Goals, every brand, agency, and creative can weave purpose into their narrative and directly influence their consumers, regardless of their product or solution.  The creative industry has the ability to widen perspectives and speak to the hearts and minds of the people, positively altering consumer behavior related to each goal. Purpose-driven campaigns, creative expressions, and recognized influencers has the unlimited potential to inspire action and progress towards advancing a better world. The Sustainable Development Goals Lions have been introduced to celebrate examples of successful implementation of this potential.

In this episode, Global GoalsCast will explore the stories behind the partnerships that have resulted in some surprising changes in consumer behaviour. 

In preparation for the festival and the historic, inaugural year of the Sustainable Development Goals Lion Awards, this episode of Global GoalsCast to further examine how the SDG Lion Awards and initiatives by creative forces, such as SAWA, are increasing attention on the Global Goals. Partnerships forged for good are partnerships that create positive change and are key to advancing the SDGs, humanizing all people, and generating positive impact on a global scale. We all have a role to play in building a better world by 2030.

Featured guests

David Griner

David Griner is Adweek magazine’s Creativity and Innovation Editor. He has been covering the advertising world for more than a decade and previously spent eight years working in the creative department of an ad agency. He lives in Birmingham, Alabama, and is the host of Adweek’s weekly podcast, “Yeah, That’s Probably an Ad.”

Terry Savage

Terry Savage is Chairman of Cannes Lions, the world’s leading celebration of creativity in communications. Prior to his appointment in 2003 as CEO of Cannes Lions, Terry Savage, an Australian national, was Executive Chairman of the global cinema advertising company Val Morgan, in Australia. Under his leadership, Val Morgan expanded from Australia into New Zealand, USA, South America, Middle East and Asia. During this time he was also President of the International advertising trade body SAWA (Screen Advertising World Association). Terry was the Australian representative for Cannes Lions for 15 years and during this period, promoted Australian creativity at the international event.

Nicolle Fagan

Nicolle is a One Young World ambassador and a co-founder of the Palau Legacy Project, which created and launched the award-winning Palau Pledge campaign in December 2017. She specializes in marketing & communications and has a passion for creating campaigns for social good. Prior to her time in Palau, Nicolle worked in advertising at Arnold Worldwide. She currently lives in Boston with her husband and young daughter, and she works as Marketing Director for the Anderson Cabot Center for Ocean Health at the New England Aquarium.

Cheryl Wannell

Cheryl Wannell joined SAWA in 2003 when she relocated to London and in 2006 returned to Australia and now runs the Secretariat from the Sydney. In 2004 she became General Manager and subsequently in 2017 became CEO and is responsible for running the Global Trade body. Previously, Cheryl worked for 20 years with Val Morgan Cinema Advertising based in Australia and was at the time of relocating to London was Managing Director Worldwide. Her background is in Marketing, Sales and Business Management. In 2015, SAWA and the global cinema advertising companies launched the first ever Global Cinema ad and as a medium became a supporter to promote the UN Sustainable Development Goals to the core global cinema audiences of millennials and Generation Z. Cheryl drives this initiative as part of her role at SAWA.

Amina Mohammed

Ms. Amina J. Mohammed of Nigeria is the current Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations.  Previously, she was Minister of Environment of the Federal Republic of Nigeria from November 2015 to December 2016, where she steered the country’s efforts on climate action, protecting the natural environment and conserving resources for sustainable development. Prior to this, she served as Special Adviser to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Post-2015 Development Planning, where she was instrumental in bringing about the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the Sustainable Development Goals. 

Transcript

[00:00:00] Terry Savage Well, the fundamentals are that we believe creativity drives awareness in a far stronger way than any other approach you can use.

[00:00:10] Misc One day a giant came to visit our home…

[00:00:14] Nicolle why can’t we take the same practices that caused behavior change from a business perspective and apply that to environmental activism or an environmental campaign…

[00:00:24] Announcer The United Nations has launched a plan to fight poverty, injustice, and climate change…

[00:00:36] EGL Welcome to the Global GoalsCast

[00:00:39] CRE The Podcast that explores if we can change the world  

[00:00:42] EGL   We want to inspire you to join us. I’m Edie Lush

[00:00:46] CRE … and I’m Claudia Romo Edelman

[00:00:50] Credit Thank to HARMAN, the official sound of Global GoalsCast

[00:00:57] EGL this episode is about creativity for good– why it’s so important that the skillsets of the creative industry and honed to solve the most challenges issues of our time, and why it matters so much to win the hearts and minds of people in order to make a difference.

[00:01:12] CRE We want to shine the light on major campaigns happening around the Sustainable Development Goals.  We want to show that there is a market for good stories as more consumers are buying with their beliefs. We want to make the case for more brands and marketers to get involved in making a difference.  So this episode, we will cover a number of very interesting cases. I will be telling you about how we’re launching a major new awards initiative at Cannes called ‘The SDG Lion Awards’.

[00:01:43] EGL: And we’ll be talking about how the seeds of some really exciting projects were actually sewn in Cannes, among them “Common Ground” – an unprecedented commitment by the marketing and communications industry to put aside their usual fierce rivalry in order to support the Sustainable Development Goals.

[00:02:00] CRE: We will take an example of how the creative industry, combined with some enterprising people from the archipelago of Palau, have worked together to create a groundbreaking pledge that everyone visiting the country now has to sign.

[00:02:16] EGL: It’s a promise that all tourists have to make, right?

[00:02:19] CRE: A promise to be good environmental stewards for the duration of your stay. We will hear more about that later.

[00:02:27] EGL: Also today on the Global GoalsCast, we have an creative industry insider, David Griner, he joins us from New York. He’s the Creative and Innovation Editor of Adweek. He’s a busy guy and part of his role is to overseeing Adweek’s very popular  podcast “Yeah that’s probably an ad.”

[00:02:45] DG: Very happy to be here!

[00:02:46]  CRE : I like the title of your podcast – “Yeah, that’s probably an ad”  it implies for me that advertisers are getting smarter about how they put their messages across ….  David, in this podcast we always give away interesting pieces of data to show off with your mother in law and some ACTIONS that you can take.

[00:03:03] DG: Yeah, I love that, bringing practicality to some of this is really important cause this is, these are big goals, as I’m sure you talk about on each episode and it’s really important to show people how these things come to life in the real world.

[00:03:16] EGL So we’re going to come back to you in just a minute, David, cause I know that you are also going to be in Cannes.  But first of all, Claudia, the Cannes Lions advertising festival, you’ve been a regular delegate there, tell me a bit about it.

[00:03:29] CRE: The advertisement festival has been going on forever, 50 years, but over the last 5-7 years I think change improved dramatically, and the industry itself, I mean it’s reflecting what the industry itself has changed about.  So, when I started going, it was a little bit like the series ‘Mad Men’ where I could see all the agency people and getting the creatives from there, and then all of the sudden, BAM, you have creative created by countries, like Mexico, or by technology companies, like Facebook and Instagram, they are competing for the same pot. So, it shows that creativity somehow belongs to everybody, particularly because technology has allowed us to have access to new tools that make more people creative.  But there is one thing that is clear to me, if you are a creative, the Cannes Lion is the Oscar prize that you want to win in your lifetime.

[00:04:26] EGL:   So why is it called Cannes Lion?

[00:04:49] CRE:  Well, the first festival took place in Venice and the awards took their name from the lion of the piazza de San Marco. It then alternated between Venice and Cannes until 1984 when it finally settled in Cannes.  

[00:04:43] EGL: It’s now huge, right?

[00:04:45] CRE: It is.  It’s five days of discussions, arguments, laughter, tears with some of the most creative people around. But mostly, it’s about the competition between the best creative pieces in the world.  This year, there will be over 1600 delegates from industry superstars to musicians, actresses, formerly the Smiths, CEO of Youtube, etc

[00:05:12] EGL: And this is an important year for you as well, Claudia, right?

[00:05:16] CRE This is the most important Cannes Lion Awards that I probably will witness ever. This is the time in which the SDG Lion Awards will be launched and created for the first time.

[00:05:27] EGL:  Claudia, remind our listeners what’s behind the Sustainable Development Goals and why we have them.

[00:05:32] CRE: The Sustainable Development Goals, or Global Goals, as we call them, are the masterplan for the people and its planet It is 17 goals ratified by more than 193 countries after 5 years of negotiation.  There is no plan B but there is no planet B either! And this is the time to act. We are the first generation that can eradicate extreme poverty for the world. We are the last generation that can stop the impact of climate change. And this is the first time in history that we can elevate the playing field for all.  But in order to make the Sustainable Development Goals happen, everybody needs to play a role and get involved. And that is why creativity and communication is so critical to penetrate the zeitgeist of the people.

So here is Terry Savage, or Savage, who is the Chairman of the Cannes Lions telling me about the important role that creativity plays in spreading the word about the goals.

[00:06:38] TS:  The fundamentals are that we believe creativity drives awareness in a far stronger way than any other approach you can use. In terms of the Sustainable Development Goals, what we have done, we have created a category that will award—by goal—a lion, and in that way we’ll enable people to focus very specifically on entering the awards, this particular category, by specific goals. So we’ll have a climate change lion. Will have a hunger lion. And that will give a lot of focus to people to create work that is very creative, to create a greater awareness level.

[00:07:23] EGL Terry Savage from the Cannes Lions there. Claudia, You were part of the the driving force that created these awards. Why did you think they were so important to create?

[00:07:31] CRE There are so many reasons, Edie. First of all, because we do have this historic master plan and It is a great framework.  And it’s a great framework for governments and for you know like industry, but you know also for the advertisement industry or a festival like Cannes.  So when I was part of the announcement of Common Ground, I went to talk to the organizers and I said, Listen, this is a great framework, we should use it to organize your creative industries that are related to purpose, social causes, and I think that by doing that, you not only are oging to have some framework and some structure  to put education to compete with education entries and the girls to girls, as opposed to girls compared to toothpaste or so on. But at the same time, it is an incredible incentive for the industry to have an award that ideally incentivizes them to create more of those type of entries.

The data is very clear The 2017 Edelman Brand Study shows that 60% of Millennials buy with their beliefs.  This isn’t just in the US where 47% of consumers are belief driven, its actually higher in China (73%) and India (65%) consumers. Consumers want brands to speak up and have a position

[00:08:31] EGL So, David, you  have been watching this industry for awhile, how do you think the SDG Awards fit into the wider advertising industry and what impact do you think they are going to have?

[00:08:40] DAVID: Well, as Claudia said, these are the Oscars of advertising.  To win one of these is basically the highest honor you can hope to get if you’re in advertising.  And so, when they add a new award, and Cannes certainly has added different Lions over the years, you know Creative Data and you know these ones, but those aren’t quite as exciting as when they create one like the Titanium Lions that recognize emerging types of marketing that doesn’t quite fit into any category.  And then most notably, the Glass Lion, which are specifically for campaigns and ideas that help empower women. And those Glass Lions really elevated the discussion of gender balance and equality and empowerment. The impact was very noticeable and very immediate. And now you’ve seen campaigns like fearless girl go on to win Glass Lions and become these big international discussion points.  Creating this award, it’s not something Cannes does lightly and it will bring a lot of spotlight to some really great initiatives.

[00:09:36] EGL So in case people haven’t heard of the fearless girl, it is a statue, right? Of a girl in her power pose.

[00:09:43] DAVID: Yeah, she was placed on international Women’s Day about a year ago facing down the charging bull, the famous charging bull of Wall Street.

[00:09:50] EGL Just so I can be clear, cause I’m not the expert here, are you guys both arguing that this could make the industry, and by industry we mean technology companies, we mean countries, we mean advertising agencies, creative companies in general, get more involved into purpose-driven campaigns?

[00:10:07] DG I believe it can.  I think anything you do that  basically says there is value in doing marketing for good, because there are, to be honest very limited opportunities for advertisers to be awarded for that. There is a lot of debate  within the ad industry about how many pro bono, how many nonprofit, how many causes you should be embracing because we are here to help clients, we are here to make money. And you know, Cannes has traditionally only given one grand prie, it’s their biggest award, the biggest thing you can win at Cannes is the Grand Prix, and they give it out quite a few of them, but thye only give out one to work for nonprofits or for causes.  And so that has been a real limitation in my mind. But the whole point of that is that they want to say ‘Oh, cause marketing is easy, anybody can do cause marketing that powerful. Doing work for a carpet company or a toothpaste, that’s hard!’ And I disagree with that fundamentally and I think that this is a good turn of events to create more opportunities to show that initiatives that accomplish this kind of greater good, that they should be celebrated and that they can be celebrated at festivals like Cannes.

 

[00:11:13] EGL OK so now we’re going to turn to a story, born at Cannes, and it’s led to the normally fiercely competitive advertising agencies working together for the common good. Claudia, tell me about Common Ground.

[00:11:25] CRE I love Common Ground and it was really, for me, one of the key things that I saw happening as a result of the Sustainable Development Goals being born, which was that the 6 advertisement agencies that normally compete fiercely, as you just said, decided to start a dialogue and let’s put down our differences and for once create a campaign of the campaigns.  Let’s create Common Ground and use the power that we have to advance the one goal that we have. And Common Ground was created and incentivized, by the industry, supported by the United Nations. I happened to be part of the Secretary-General’s office at that time. And I cannot tell you how important, how emotional I was when I was sitting in the audience of the Cannes Advertisement Festival in 2016, seeing the heads of the 6 advertisement agencies together with the Secretary-General where he said ‘ this ring that you see, this ring that has 17 colors that represent this is the logo of the Sustainable Development Goals, make it big, make it like a ring for the Olympics.  Make it symbolize, if the Olympic ring symbolized the best of sport, make this ring of the SDGs symbolize the best of humanity.’ I still get chills.

This podcast is produced by the We Are All Human Foundation, an organization that aims to advance equity, inclusion, and representation in a world where divisive language is getting traction, where we are forgetting that we belong to the same human family, and where the sustainable development goals can never be achieved if we don’t recognize that we are simply one.  That we are all human. Creativity matters in this sense because it is the one tool that is able to open the doors and open the hearts and the minds of the people regardless of where they are. We’re aiming to see a creative industry that is more inclusive, that brings more people that have not been able to have the chance to show their creativity to the world, of making the world a better place through communication. I am sure that festivals like the Cannes Advertisement Festival, will have increasing numbers and efforts to bring Hispanics, African-Americans, Africans, people from different regions around the world, to show what they can do the ideas that they have, be represented in festivals for creativity, particularly if it’s under the Sustainable Development Goals Lion Awards incentives.

[00:14:25] EGL You’re listening to the Global GoalsCast. Thank you for being with us. If you’ve joined us before you’ll know that in the first of our green miniseries we heard how remote islands are some of the first to be affected by climate change, caused by industrialisation on the other side of the world. But on the tiny Pacific island nation of Palau the problem is even more urgent. Palau is my idea of paradise, a beautiful island set in turquoise sea. But the sea level around its 700 islands has risen by about 9mm a year since 1993, almost three times the global average rate.

[00:15:03] CRE: But Palau has always been ahead of the curve when it comes to conservation. In 2015, they created the world’s sixth largest marine sanctuary. And last year, they came up with an amazing idea. Picture the scene; you are about to land in Palau and an in-flight movie comes on…….

[00:15:27] CLIP One day, a giant came to visit our home.  He stomped on our reefs, gobbled up our precious animals, took fruit from our gardens, even stuffed his pockets with turtle shells…

[00:15:50] Nicolle: The Palau pledge is a pledge that every visitor to Palau must take when they enter the country when they prior to leaving their country

[00:15:56] CLIP The children of Palau, I take this pledge as your guest, to preserve and protect your beautiful and unique island home.  I vow to tread lightly, act kindly, and explore mindfully.

[00:16:11] Nicolle: When they’re actually in the air, they’ll watch an in-flight video which briefs them about the Palau Pledge and then when they get to Palau they will sign the  pledge as part of official immigration process for their entry into the country. And the Palau Pledge is a promise that they’re going to make to the children of Palau that they’ll do the right thing for the country for the sake of the children’s future.

[00:16:34] EGL Nicole Fagan there, part of the team that came up with the Palau Pledge campaign, and a One Young World Ambassador, one of our partners.  I love that idea, and this more than just a clever promotional gimmick. It’s officially part of Palau’s immigration process, having the pledge itself stamped in your passport.

[00:16:53] CLIP I think it’s important we sign the Palau Pledge to preserve the environment and show our commitment so everyone knows about the fragility of the nature here / I hope my children can see the beautiful place one day as I see today / At first I was surprised to have to do it. It’s not something I’ve ever had to do in any other country before but it really does make you think about what actions you can do to help protect the environment. And I think it’s a great idea for other countries to follow / Especially in places like Palau where their livelihood their culture, pretty much the economy of the island depends on it.  I personally feel that President Remengesau was doing a great thing by inventing this pledge.

[00:17:39] CLIP: Thomas Remengesau Jr The ocean is like a sick person. So we do have to partner in the challenge to not only restore the damages but really to prevent the environment from being further destroyed or damaged. And to do this we have to do a partnership with a tourist and visitors to Palau.

[00:17:58] EGL Some of Palau’s visitors and Palau’s president Thomas Remengesau  talking about the pledge. Nicolle Fagan told me how living sustainably isn’t a new thing for Palauans.

[00:18:08] Nicolle They’re very aware of the issues facing their environment because they’re so dependent on it. As a tiny island nation, they rely on their natural resources so much from the fish to the land to everything in between. And they’re so acutely affected by climate change that they’ve really had to be sustainably minded,  from when you know we weren’t thinking about sustainability Palauans have been living sustainably.

[00:18:34] CRE But whilst Palauans themselves know the importance of taking care of their environment, tourists, which are so vital to the area’s economy, aren’t always so knowledgeable and can disrespect and harm the delicate natural and living ecosystem through ignorance. Nicolle here again…..

[00:18:53] Nicole And we’ve really looked at the core problem being a lack of education among our incoming tourists and if we could figure out how we could educate them then perhaps we could have an influence on how they behaved while they were here in  Palau. We put together a brief and we started reaching out to our friends and we said we need help with this problem and we know that creatively we can solve it. And one of the friends that came back to us was the agency Havas Australia. The passport stamp was in early you know right away that was an early idea that we were excited about we were excited because they kind of nailed an opportunity that we hadn’t thought of as as our core group so we thought that this was just a really great partnership. We really believe in the power of an amazing idea. And while we know that of course the four of us could come up with great ideas, an agency like Havas that’s their bread and butter. That’s what they do. They come up with groundbreaking ideas. So you know while they might be traditionally used to sell more Jack Daniels why can’t we look at you know influencing behavior to prevent people from throwing their trash on the ground or stepping on coral. So we brought them in because we knew that they could bring to life these amazing ideas. And it’s a new approach for a country for Palao and people would be open to it because it’s kind of a new way of thinking about it.

[00:20:12] DG So I think what’s a great example about the Palau Pledge is that advertising effectiveness is often measured by, what they call, impressions, which is everytime one of us sees an ad, that’s called an impression. I’ve actually seen it.  You could make the best idea in the world but if no one sees it, people are going to say ‘Aw well that just wasn’t really effective’. What’s different about this example is that everyone who needs to see it, sees it. You’re going to see it, you’re going to see the in-flight video that we heard, you’re going to see it on your flight in, you’re going to literally have the pledge stamped onto your passport into your visas and you’re going to have the sign it.  And so that is the easiest ad campaign I’ve ever heard of to measure because everyone that comes in is going to see it. If more campaigns can think of ways to innovate where it’s not about how many ad dollars you put into promoting this thing in ads around the world, it’s about making it where it is integrated into what you do, and Palau has done a fantastic job of that. I think agencies are really going to take that lesson to heart.

[00:21:05] EGL and I love that kids play such an important role in this story.

[00:21:09] NicoleWe got the kids involved to help write the pledge. We’ve had kids involved at every step of the way. And as a Phase 2 of the project over the course of the next two years, we’re actually going to be taking the Palau Pledge and bringing it into the Palau curriculum in some way. We want to make sure that the plow pledge isn’t just something that is a campaign targeting tourists but it’s something that becomes ingrained in Palauian culture moving forward.

[00:21:36] CGE This is a perfect example of the importance  of enabling children, young people and the larger community to participate and have a direct voice in the development, implementation and evaluation of policies, and laws that affect communities. Young people are the foundation for effective development, and if we engage them, they will improve many of the structural development challenges that we’re facing today.

[00:22:02] EGL So this is a brilliant campaign that by the way, our partner One Young World alerted us to, connects so well with the theme of our show. You have people in Palau, who have worked for generations to look after their island, but with a real need for new creative ideas that go beyond what they’ve already done.

 

[00:22:23] Now, from the small screen of an in-flight movie to the wide-screen of the movie theatr. SAWA may not be a name you are familiar with, but if you’ve been to the cinema there is a good chance you’ve seen their work.

[00:22:34] CRE Yes, SAWA, the Global Cinema Advertising Association, actually set up the Cannes Lion Festival over 60 years ago. Their main job is helping advertisers and agencies get their campaigns on to huge cinema screens. Now they are helping to make the Sustainable Development Goals famous by creating big budget cinema ads and get them everywhere.  One of the most memorable call to actions on behalf of the UN and the goals was created by SAWA. Here’s SAWA’s Cheryl Wannell

[00:23:11]Cheryl Well SAWA brought John Hegarty to the table, and Richard Curtis, famous film director as I’ve said, worked together on the on the creative idea with Aardman Studios who are Wallace and Gromit fame, and they made this ad. We ran it in thirty five countries around the world. We reached 100 million people. But, in a retentive way, in an intrusive way. Not a passive way. And we then got Nielsen (the big research company out of New York) to do a case study, and we got incredible recall that, when we actually saw the results we actually didn’t believe it. We got one in three people recalled the ad “We Have A Plan” with all these animals set in the General Assembly in the United Nations, and one in three people recalled it after seeing it once, one week later on cinema. It’s almost unheard of recall which is amazing.

[00:24:10]CLIP We have a plan, the Global Goals for people and planet. To end poverty, to fight inequalities, and to defeat climate change. And I am proud to announce, the plan is agreed by everyone. The United Nations has launched a plan to fight poverty, injustice, and climate change.  Tell everyone. Join us at Globalgoals.org.

[00:24:50]CRE Overall for me, the big question is what would it take to see more creativity for good, to see more of those goals stamped into the creative briefs of every agency and everyone working in creativity? What would it take to have that incredible ring, the symbol of the best of humanity that is represented on the Global Goals seen on the back the cereal boxes and everywhere around the world? What would it take? How do we make the case for creativity for good?

[00:25:23]David I think the answer to your questions is the clients.  That when agencies, they dedicate as much time as they can into efforts for nonprofits that maybe can’t pay that much or maybe can’t pay them anything, they give as much of their time as they honestly can to those projects and these awards, like at Cannes, give them a lot of publicity to help, but it doesn’t really pay the bills.  You know this kind of work often is something they are doing out of passion. I think things will change when the clients, the brands, the global brands especially, really can buy into these and not just say, of course they are all going to say that they agree with the goals, but when they really get earnestly true about it, when you see those executives coming to Cannes and saying ‘I’m going to make a commitment, this amount of my budget is going to go towards supporting these goals.’  That’s when the agencies will breathe a sigh of relief and say ‘great! We will do even more and spend more of our time and we’ll put our best talent on it.’

[00:26:15] CRE But clients will move with consumers, isn’t it? So it’s all about where you start the cycle because if consumers buy products that have a good heart and a good brand, even if they sometimes are more expensive, if they are green, if they are environmental or whatever, organic, where do you start?

[00:26:33]David We’ve seen time after time that there is data showing that there are consumers, especially millennial consumers and moving into Gen Z, that they really do appreciate when brands share their values and sometimes that gets political but often times it’s just showing that they have a commitment, and an earnest commitment, again not just a PR line of ‘yes, we love the planet and we want to help the planet’ but you’re actually doing something, you’re actually making a commitment.  Those brands have proven to be more effective with their consumers and i think they are trying to find more agency partners who can help them grow even bigger in that space and do more good in the world.

[00:27:06] EGL So do you see a tipping point, cause we know that things change once the ship starts to turn, there’s sort of nothing that will stop it.  Do you see things changing?

[00:27:18]David I think every year that I go to Cannes, and Claudia’s probably seen the same thing, is these initiatives, this kind of work, becomes a little less fringe and a little more on the main stage.  I think the examples, she’s given of bringing together all the holding companies that own the vast majority of advertising agencies in the world and having them on one stage saying ‘We share a belief in this cause that cause’ those make a difference. I think over the years, we’ve really seen that these companies that are driven by profit and really are focused on the bottom line, that they are starting to spend more time thinking about the greater good.  These tipping points they don’t happen in one year, it’s not like everyone says, you know overnight everyone just gets it but we see that these causes that when on the main stage at Cannes they say ‘Oh, this is what my clients want, this is what the people want, this is what my industry is doing, I’m going to do more of it, you know I’m going to be a leader in this space’ and i think we’re seeing more of that in the last few years.

[00:28:16] CRE And I would like to conclude from this, that yes, we’re making progress, yes we’re in the right path, yes we celebrate the SDG Lion Awards and SAWA and Common Ground for trying, yes we celebrate the UN Agencies and everyone that is working on this field to try to open up and partner more and we want to celebrate brands and companies to look even more for their consumers that are growing into buying with their beliefs.  Because if we continue working in this direction, we will make the change.

[00:28:49] EGL So we’re now at the point in the show where we give you some actions that you can go and take.  Claudia, what’s the first one?

[00:28:56] CRE Action #1: Palau Pledge – go and sign it at palaupledge.com.   Anyone can sign to show their support.

[00:29:05] EGL Leonardo DiCaprio signed it, and in fact, I signed it the other day. So David, do you have an action that our listeners can take or a message to the industry?

[00:29:13]David I have a little of both. I would say if you’re just not in the advertising industry but you want to help encourage brands, to Claudia’s point, they listen to consumers. So if you haven’t taken the time to thank a brand, a company, that you think is doing something commendable, take the time on social media, especially just to send them a note saying ‘I really appreciate this’ because, believe it or not, you’d think they just get so many messages that they don’t see it but they see those and those messages do get back to the people that matter.  I would say within the industry, I would encourage folks at the agency level to be proactive. Clients love it when agencies are proactive and bringing more information, new information to them, to help shaped their marketing efforts. I would say take the time to go over and introduce them to the Global Goals and make sure that they understand why this is important to your agency and why you think it’s important to brands and why you think it’s part of a larger movement within the industry. I think that kind of one presentation could end up yielding a lot of benefits over the long term.

[00:30:10]CRE My third action for today is for the creative industry.  Alright creative industry, badge your creative briefs. Stamp them with the logo of the SDGs.  Add into it, if the client is not asking you to do anything related to the SDGs, try to find a way to badge your creative brief with the SDG lens.

[00:30:35]Edie We’ve got an extra action in this episode that comes from a collaboration between Common Ground, we talked about them earlier in the episode, and Google, inspired by the idea that exponential change can be made possible through repeating little actions by the largest generation on earth, Gen Z. The project invites participants to share their stories, actions, and changes on YouTube.  Here’s Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Amina Mohammad, talking about Little X Little.

[00:31:02]AM Young people are part of the largest generation in history, 2 billion strong.  Your passionate, connected, informed, and you care deeply about our world. Right now, our world needs action, for gender equality, for the environment, for decent job, secure communities, and so much more.  We have a blueprint for a better world, the Sustainable Development Goals. Around the globe, young people are coming together to build a movement for success, they call it LIttle X Little. It’s based on a power notion. Yes, we face a number of big problems, but we can start fixing them through a lot of small actions. So listen up.  You are one of 2 billion young people. If each one of you takes action, you will create a wave of change that this world has never ever seen. Join the mission. Be part of 2 billion acts for good. Because step by step, little by little, we will get to a better world. Together, let’s get the job done.

[00:32:05]Edie Amina Mohammed there talking about the COmmon Ground Google Campaign, Little x Little.  Search for it on YouTube.

So now, we’re going to give you some data to take away that you can look really smart with your mother-in-law at Sunday lunch, 2017 Edelman Brand Study shows that 60% of Millennials worldwide say that they buy with their beliefs. They will buy your brand, buy more of it, switch from it, avoid it and at the extreme, boycott it over your stance on a controversial or social issue. This is now the new normal. This is why right after the incident in Philadelphia, where two African Americans were arrested in Starbucks for asking to use the bathroom, reacted so swiftly with a day of unconscious bias education.

[00:32:53] CRE This isn’t just in the US where 47% of consumers are belief driven, its actually higher in China (73%) and India (65%) consumers.

The good news is that a lot of companies see this as an opportunity because they realize that consumers will use their brand as a statement of what that they personally care about.

Before we go, thank you, David, where can we listen to your podcast?

[00:33:20] David We our podcast for Ad Week is call ‘Yeah, that’s probably an ad’ it comes out every week, usually on Mondays, and you can find it on Apple Podcasts or Stitcher, or Google Play or wherever you get your podcasts, same as you guys!

[00:33:32] EGL Thank you so much, David, for joining us. 

[00:33:35] CRE That was Edie Lush, and I am Claudia Romo Edelman. See you next time!

A Sustainable Future But Also Trillions of Dollars of Opportunity

Co-hosts Mustafa Alrawi and Edie Lush of Global GoalsCast discuss the Sustainable Development Goals which are large-scale, ambitious and inspiring. They are also changing the way we seek out investment opportunities as we move to meet this defined future with over $12 trillion up for grabs for the private sector according to the UNDP.

The podcast was produced as part of The National’s Future Forum initiative which over the next year will examine how advancements in technology and societal developments will impact our future, and also coincides with The National’s tenth anniversary.

BUSINESS EXTRA

Weekly, from The National’s newsroom in Abu Dhabi, the Business Extra podcast provides insight and additional analysis on the biggest business, economic and finance stories affecting us here as well as the wider region and the world. Find us on Apple Podcasts as well as our website thenational.ae. Follow on twitter and all social media channels.

The National was founded in 2008, setting a new standard for quality journalism in the Middle East. 

Each day The National reaches an influential, English-speaking audience to deliver the latest in news, business, arts, culture, lifestyle and sports, while leading the region in analytical content and commentary.

Featured Guests

Mustafa Alrawi

Mustafa Alrawi, a British national of Iraqi descent, is the current Business Editor of Abu Dhabi-based The National newspaper. A journalist and editor with sixteen years of experience in the UK and the Middle East, Mustafa is an expert in business and finance. His work has been published in The Guardian, The Independent, Lebanon’s Daily Star and Esquire Middle East. He has also consulted for UAE and GCC clients across a number of sectors including banking & finance, real estate, oil & gas, telecoms, technology and the environment. He is an accomplished public speaker and a published novelist.

Mona Hammami

Mona Hammami is a senior director at the Office of Strategic Affairs, Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Court. Her role includes analyzing social and economic developments, globally and locally, and drafting publications and white papers to influence policy making. Prior to joining the Crown Prince Court, she was a lead associate at Booz & Company as part of the public sector practice team focusing on a wide range of issues including: social and labor policies, macroeconomic policy, governance frameworks, organizational restructuring, agriculture policy reform, and structuring Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). 

Reuben Abraham

Dr. Reuben Abraham is CEO and Senior Fellow at IDFC Institute, a think/do tank set up by India’s largest infrastructure finance company. He is also on IDFC Institute’s Executive Council. IDFC Institute’s focus is on the political, economic, and spatial causes and consequences of, and obstacles to, India’s ongoing transformation from a low income, state led economy to a market based democracy, a journey many emerging markets share. He is also a non-resident scholar at the Urbanization Project at New York University’s Stern School of Business. 

Robert & Barney Swan

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